The Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Ltd. (TRIFED) under the Ministry of Tribal Affairs on August 9, 2018 signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB), Ministry of AYUSH.
The MoU aims to promote Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (MAPs) forest produce for livelihood development of tribal people through the promotion of primary level value addition to MAPs produce from forest area at grassroots level.
- Though tribal people have been growing medicinal plants, they are yet unaware of the actual value of their produce. This MoU will help them realise the potential of their produce and help them achieve the right compensation of their product.
- The MoU will help in generating employment and skill upgradation of tribal people and will prove to be beneficial for them.
- It will help in achieving the vision of Prime Minister of doubling the income of farmers.
- It will help strengthen supply chain management for farmers’ produce and prove to be a win-win situation for both TRIFED under Ministry of Tribal Affairs and NMPB under Ministry of AYUSH.
Activities to be supported by NMPB under the MoU
• To identify potential Medicinal plant species of the tribal areas
• To support training and awareness program on Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) & Good Field Collection Practices (GFCP)
• Support skill upgradation and capacity building
• Facilitate financial assistance for plantations and nursery development for MAPs through the Van Dhan Vikas Kendra self-help groups (SHGs).
• Facilitate standardising norms for MAPs, render assistance for establishing of research and testing centre
Activities to be supported by TRIFED under the MoU
• Establishment of the ‘Van-Dhan Vikas Kendra’ specifically for Medicinal plants & its products for skill upgradation and capacity building
• Supply chain for Minor Forest Produce (MFPs)
• Creation of Van Dhan SHGs clusters under the Van Dhan Vikas Kendra that would undertake primary value addition of the Mega Food Parks (MFPs) based on MFPs available in the area
• Setting-up of primary processing facility, infrastructure support and value addition facility for MAPs
• Provision of working capital for the SHGs through tie up with financial institutions and other organizations
• To establish herbal gardens to develop and promote the usefulness of commonly available and frequently used Medicinal Plants through SHGs involved in Van Dhan Vikas Kendra.
• Research and Development studies on Medicinal Plants collected by MFP gatherers
Minor Forest Produce (MFP)
- Minor Forest Produce (MFP) is a major source of livelihood for tribals living in forest areas.
- The importance of MFPs for tribals can be gauged from the fact that around 100 million forest dwellers depend on MFPs for food, shelter, medicines and cash income.
- Tribals derive 20-40 percent of their annual income from MFP collection and sales.
- This activity has strong linkage to women’s financial empowerment as most of the MFPs are collected and used/sold by women.
- MFP sector has the potential to create about 10 million workdays annually in the country.
Mechanism for marketing of Minor Forest Produce (MFP) through Minimum Support price (MSP) and development of Value chain for MFP
- The Ministry of Tribal affairs has introduced an ambitious scheme of “Mechanism for marketing of Minor Forest Produce (MFP) through Minimum Support price (MSP) and development of Value chain for MFP”.
- The scheme aims to provide fair price to MFP gatherers, enhance their income level and ensure sustainable harvesting of MFPs.
- It is a holistic scheme for development of MFP trade.
- The Scheme has been systematically expanded since 2014 to cover 27 States with tribal population and presently 23 MFPs which is under consideration to extend to cover 55 MFPs.
- The Van Dhan Vikas Karyakram is being implemented under the Scheme that targets livelihood generation for tribals by harnessing the wealth of forest i.e. Van Dhan.
- The programme aims to tap into traditional knowledge & skill sets of tribals by adding technology & IT to upgrade it at each stage and to convert the tribal wisdom into a viable economic activity.
- The initiative provides enhanced livelihood to about 25 lakhs tribal gatherers and artisans.
- It proposes to set-up tribal community owned Non-Timber Forest Produce (NTFP)-centric multi-purpose Van Dhan Vikas Kendras in predominantly tribal districts.
- About 3000 Van Dhan Vikas Kendras are proposed to be set up in span of 2 years i.e. 1500 Kendras to be set-up in each year.
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