National Girl Child Day is observed on 24 January 2015 across the nation.
This celebration was started to offer more supports and new opportunities to the girls in the country. It is celebrated to increase the awareness among people about all the inequalities faced by the girl child in the society. This day is being observed every year on 24 January since 2008.
Ministry of Women and Child Development has been taking a multi pronged approach to address and reverse the trend of declining child sex ratio in the country. The objective of all these initiatives is to work towards ensuring that girls are born, loved and nurtured and grow up to become empowered citizens of this country with equal rights and opportunities.
Government of India has started National Girl Child Day as a national girl’s development mission. The mission raises the awareness among people all over the country about the importance of girls’ promotion. It helps in enhancing girls’ meaningful contribution in decision making processes by active support of the parents and the community members.
Girl Child Rights in India
Government of India has taken various steps by declaring variety of schemes to make the girl child status better. Some of are:
•Sex determination during pregnancy through the clinics has been blocked by the government.
•Child marriages of the girls have been restricted.
•Antenatal care has been made necessary for all the pregnant women to fight with the malnutrition, high illiteracy, poverty and infant mortality in the society.
•Save the Girl Child scheme has been introduced by the government to save the girl child.
•Girl child education status in India has been improved through the free and compulsory primary school education for both boys and girls till 14 years of age.
•To improve the status of the girl child in India, the government of India has reserved 1/3 seats in the local government for women.
•Anti-MTP, anti-sati laws, anti-dowry Act has also been introduced by the legislature to enhance the women status and employment opportunities.
•Five Year Plan has been implemented to pay attention towards the education status in the backward states of the country.
•School children are well availed with the uniforms, noon meal and educational materials and repayments to the SC and ST caste girl’s families.
•Balwadi-cum-creeches have been implemented for caring the girl babies and attend the primary school.
•Operation Blackboard including other programmes has been organized for the teacher’s education to make the school services advance.
•The Open Learning System has been established for easiness to the girls of backward areas.
•It has been declared for the girl child that girls must be given equal treatments and opportunities from the very beginning to expand the opportunities for them.
•The SHG means Self-Help Groups has been introduced by the government as the main policy in order to make better the livelihood of rural areas girls.