14 September: National Hindi Diwas
National Hindi Divas (Hindi Day) was observed across India on 14 September 2017 to promote Hindi as Matra Bhasha (mother tongue) of India and to propagate Hindi language and its cultural heritage and values.
The day is marked by literary festivals, Hindi poetry sessions, Hindi essay writing competitions, Hindi speech contests and other events.
During Hindi Diwas celebrations, the Union Government announced the launch of ‘Lila App' that uses Artificial Intelligence to teach Hindi in various languages.
Why 14 September is celebrated as Hindi Diwas?
The day marks the adaptation of Hindi language as the official language of India by the Constituent Assembly of India on 14 September 1949.
The decision of using Hindi as official language was ratified by Indian Constitution via amendment 343 which stated that all government communications will be penned in Hindi (Devanagari Script). This amendment came into effect on 26 January 1950.
Presently, there are 2 official languages- Hindi and English.
Hindi as a Language
• Hindi, written in Devanagari Script, is one of the main languages of India and is spoken by around 40 per cent of the Indian population.
• Hindi language in India has a big history which belongs to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family.
• It is used in many countries of the world including Mauritius, Pakistan, Surinam, Trinidad and some other countries.
• It is known as the 4th largest language of the world.