Pierre Boulez, French conductor and composer, died
Boulez led the New York Philharmonic and the BBC Symphony Orchestra during the 1970s.
Pierre Boulez, the former principal conductor of the New York Philharmonic, passed away on 5 January 2016 in Baden-Baden, Germany. He was 90.
Being a French composer and conductor, he helped blaze a radical new path for classical music in the 20th century and became one of its dominant figures in the decades after World War II.
About Pierre Boulez
• Born in Montbrison, France, Boulez initially studied mathematics as a youth before switching to music.
• He studied harmony at the Paris Conservatory with composer Olivier Messiaen and had lessons from Rene Leibowitz in the dissonant 20th-century style known as twelve-tone composition.
• Boulez led the New York Philharmonic and the BBC Symphony Orchestra during the 1970s.
• He also worked with the Chicago Symphony, the Cleveland Orchestra, Orchestre de Paris and the London Symphony Orchestra.
• He moved between conducting, composition and teaching over a long career that made him one of the leading figures in modern classical music.
• His recordings won more than 25 Grammy awards.
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