The Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi on 27 September 2014 addressed the 69th session of United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in New York. He addressed the 193-member UN General Assembly in Hindi becoming the second Prime Minister after Atal Behari Vajpayee who was a Prime Minister from 1998 to 2004.
Apart from this, Modi is the third person to address the UNGA session in Hindi aafter Vajpayee and PV Narasimha Rao. Rao addressed the session in Hindi as foreign minister in 1988 and Vajpayee also addressed the UN General Assembly's Millennium Summit session in Hindi in 1977.
The theme of the UNGA was delivering and implementing a transformative Post-2015 development Agenda.
Some major points of his speech at UNGA were
• He termed the 69 UN peacekeeping missions since 1948 as the blue helmet, the colour of peace.
• India is ready to engage in a serious bilateral dialogue with Pakistan but in a peaceful atmosphere, without the shadow of terrorism, to promote our friendship and cooperation. For this purpose, Pakistan should take its responsibility seriously to create such an environment.
• He also called for concerted multilateral action to meet the challenges like fragile global economy, terrorism, Ebola health crisis, climate change and poverty.
• While calling for concerted international efforts to fight with terrorism, he termed that it takes new shape and new name and there is no country either big or small across the world is free from its threat. So efforts should be made to combat terrorism and extremism by keeping aside the difference by adopting Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism
• All G-groups should be converted into G1 or G-All
• The United Nations including the Security Council should be made more democratic and participative
• Development and empowerment should be spread at the speed of Facebook or Twitter
• The eradication of poverty must remain at the core of the Post-2015 Development Agenda
• Technology and capabilities of the countries should be shared with each other
• International Yoga Day should be adopted
Effect of his speech was UNGA was felt clearly after Modi rebuffed Pakistan for raising the Kashmir issue at the UN and asking for plebiscite in Kashmir. Pakistan after his speech at UNGA accepted that its talks with the Hurriyat were not necessary before the dialogue with India
Hindi is not among the official languages of the UN, which are Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish. But Modi wants that the Hindi should be recognised as a world language as it is fourth most prevalent language in the world after English, Spanish and Chinese.
Where: in New York
When: on 27 September 2014