Sudan urges UN to withdraw all peacekeepers by June 2020
United Nation deploys peacekeeping staff with the consent of the main parties of the conflict.
Sudan requested the United Nations Security Council to lift its suspension of troop withdrawals and ensure all peacekeepers leave Darfur by June 2020. Omer Mohamed Siddig, Sudan’s U.N. Ambassador, informed the council that it’s time to shift from peacekeeping to peacebuilding in Darfur.
About three months ago, on June 2019, UN Security Council voted unanimously to put the brakes on the withdrawal of the joint U.N. African Union peacekeeping force from Darfur. As per the U.N. Security Council’s belief the country is still dealing with the political crisis.
About Darfur Conflict
Darfur is located in the western region of Sudan. The conflict was started in early 2003 when two armed groups Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) waged war in Darfur against the Government of Sudan. They were demanding better infrastructure in the area, proceeds from oil wealth and a power-sharing government. In return, the Sudanese government retaliated by sending in government forces and Janjaweed militia to quell the rebellion. Both rebel groups have demanded equal representation in the government.
Millions of Darfur villagers were displaced and forced to stay in disease-riddled refugee camps. The situation gained alarming scenes of mass killings, starvation and diseases. Therefore, U.N. Security Council, on July 2007, approved a resolution to send a joint United Nations/African Union peacekeeping force, known as UNAMID, to the troubled Darfur region.
About UN Peacekeeping Operations
- United Nation deploys peacekeeping staff with the consent of the main parties of the conflict. It requires a political process and commitment by the parties.
- Once the UN gets approval for the peacekeeping operation in the region, it provides the UN with the necessary freedom of action, both political and physical, to carry out its mandated tasks.
- It is also important to know that UN peacekeeping operations are not an enforcement tool. But, the United Nations use force at the tactical level, with the authorization of the Security Council.
- Currently, there are 14 peacekeeping operations led by the Department of Peace Operations working across the globe.