The National coalition won the Parliamentary elections in Australia .The result of the House of Representatives (Lower house of Parliament of Australia) was declared by the Australian Electoral Commission on 8 September 2013. The National coalition is a coalition of four Parties the Liberal Party of Australia, Liberal National Party, National Party of Australia and Country Liberal Party.
The National coalition appointed Tony Abbott of The Liberal Party as leader of the National coalition. He will become the Prime Minister of Australia and successor of Kevin Rudd of the Labor Party.
The National coalition got 90 seats out of 150 seats in The House of the Representative. The ruling Labor Party was successful in winning 57 seats. The Green Party and Katter’s Australia Party got 1 seat each. The total turnout of the voters was 77.26 percent. The National coalition got 53.15 percent and Labor Party got 46.85 percent.
Political Parties involved in Elections 2013
The major Political Parties participated in the election were The Liberal Party of Australia , Labor Party, The Green Party, Palmer United Party.
Main issues in Political campaign
In the election campaign, the main issues were how to tackle economic slowdown, whether to keep tax on carbon emissions and how to reduce the number of asylum seekers by boat (refugees).
About The House of the Representatives
The House of Representatives is one of the two houses of Parliament of Australia. There are 150 members in the representative House of Parliament of Australia. They are elected by the Australian people. The House of Representatives is the house in which government is formed.
Members are elected by a system known as preferential voting, under which voters rank candidates in order of preference. In India first-past-the-post election system was followed. First-past-the-post election is one that is won by the candidate with more votes than any other(s) one that is won by the candidate with more votes than any other(s).The representatives of the lower house may continue for up to three years, after which general elections for a new House must be held. The main political parties represented in the House are the Australian Labor Party, the Liberal Party of Australia and the National Party of Australia. In recent years there has also been a number of independent parties and Members.
About The Parliament of Australia
According to the constitution of Australia Parliament consists of The House of the Representatives, the Senate and Queen of Australia
About the Senate
The Senate is one of the two houses of the Parliament Australia. It consists of 76 senators, twelve from each of the six states and two from each of the mainland territories. It shares the power to make laws with the other House of the Parliament, the House of Representatives.
Each state of the Australian federation, regardless of its population, has an equal number of senators. Twelve senators represent each state, and the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory are represented by two senators each.
Role of the Queen
The Monarch of Australia is a form of Government in which a hereditary monarch is the sovereign of Australia. The monarch is nominal head in Westminster style of Parliamentary Government.
The present monarch is Elizabeth II, who has reigned, since 6 February 1952. According to the Australian constitution, the monarch is represented by a Governor General, appointed directly by the Queen on the advice of the respective government. She is also The queen of United Kingdom (UK).
The Australian monarch, besides reigning in Australia, separately serves as monarch for each of fifteen other Common Wealth countries known as Common Wealth Realms. This was developed from the former colonial relationship of these countries to Britain, but they are now independent of each other and are legally distinct.
Australian Electoral Commission
The Australian Electoral Commission, a statutory authority headed by the Electoral Commissioner, is responsible for the administration of all Commonwealth electoral matters including, for example, the conduct of elections, the maintenance of up-to-date lists of electors (electoral rolls) and the drawing of electorate boundaries. An election takes place in response to a formal order (writ) from the Governor-General (or the Speaker in the case of a by-election) requiring the Electoral Commissioner to conduct an election. For a general election a single writ is issued for each State and Territory.
Westminster style of Parliamentary
In general there are two forms of government. They are Presidential and Parliamentary form.
The Westminster model of Parliament consists of both real and nominal heads. The Real head is head of the Government and he/she is the Prime Minister, who is vested with real powers. On the advice of Prime Minister, the nominal head will act. In Australian context nominal head is Queen Elizabeth II.
About Tony Abbott
• Leader of The Liberal Party of Australia and main opposition Liberal-National coalition leader in 2013 Elections.
• Born 1957 in UK to Australian parents
• Rhodes scholar, former student boxer and Catholic priest trainee
• Held employment and health and ageing portfolios in Howard government