North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) Summit 2014 was held in Wales, UK from 4 to 5 September 2014. This was the first summit held in the United Kingdom since Margaret Thatcher welcomed NATO leaders to London in 1990.
More than 60 world leaders attended the NATO Summit. Ukraine, Afghanistan was the top agenda for leaders of NATO Summit.
The summit in Wales was also attended by the US President Barrack Obama, with this, Obama became the first sitting President to visit Wales. Earlier, no sitting President of US has visited Wales.
Wales declaration on Ukraine Crisis
• The Heads of NATO and Ukraine Commission condemned Russia’s illegal and illegitimate self-declared annexation of Crimea, which created destabilization of eastern Ukraine that is a violation of international law.
• They called on Russia to reverse its self-declared annexation of Crimea and must end its support for militants in eastern Ukraine, withdraw its troops and stop its military activities across the Ukrainian border.
• NATO recognized Ukraine’s intent to expand its Distinctive Partnership with NATO and strategic consultations in the NATO-Ukraine Commission.
• NATO will also provide assistance to Ukraine to rehabilitate injured military personnel and encouraged NATO’s advisory presence at the NATO offices in Kyiv.
• NATO also considered Ukraine’s requests for military-technical assistance, and many Allies are accepted to provide additional support to Ukraine on a bilateral basis.
Wales Declaration on Afghanistan
• International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) will conclude at the end of 2014 as planned. ISAF and the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) have assisted the Afghan people to regain control over their nation’s destiny over the past thirteen years.
• With the end of ISAF, the nature and scope of NATOs engagement with Afghanistan will change and it will be envisaged in three parallel, mutually reinforcing, strands of activity.
1. Resolute Support Mission - Under the Resolution Support Mission, NATO Allies and partner nations stand ready to continue to train, advise and assist the ANSF after 2014. For this purpose, a new, non-combat mission will be established and establishment is contingent on the signing of the US-Afghanistan Bilateral Security Agreement and NATO-Afghanistan Status of Forces Agreement.
The Resolute Support Mission should be in consultation with the Government of Afghanistan and it should be supported by a United Nations Security Council Resolution.
2. Financial Sustainment of the ANSF - NATO and its allies have decided to provide support to the ANSF, as appropriate, through the Transformation Decade. They renewed their financial commitments to support the sustainment of the ANSF till the end of 2017, but they also want that Afghanistan should take its financial responsibility for its own security forces by 2024 that was agreed at Chicago summit.
Oversight and Coordination Body was already established to ensure donors can confidently commit this support and decided to maintain and strengthen the transparent, accountable and cost-effective of relevant international funding mechanisms since Chicago summit 2012.
3. NATO-Afghanistan Enduring Partnership - NATO and its allies committed to the NATO-Afghanistan Enduring Partnership. Under this partnership, both the political and practical elements of the partnership should be jointly owned and strengthened through regular consultation on issues of strategic concern.
NATO is ready to work with Afghanistan to develop this partnership in line with NATO’s Partnership Policy, possibly including the development of an Individual Partnership Cooperation Programme at an appropriate time.
• NATO decided to support an Afghan-led, Afghan-owned and inclusive peace process, as stated at the 2011 Bonn Conference and at the Chicago Summit in 2012.
• They also decided to support Afghanistan in making further progress towards becoming a stable, sovereign, democratic and united country, where rule of law and good governance prevail.
• They emphasized the particular importance of strengthening efforts to implement the rights of women, need for the protection of children from armed conflict and the United Nations Security Council Resolutions on Women, Peace and Security, and to include women fully in political, peace and reconciliation processes.
Wales declaration on the Transatlantic Bond
• North America and Europe agreed to increase defence expenditure in real terms as GDP grows and will direct their defence budgets as efficiently and effectively as possible.
• At Present, the aim is to move towards the existing NATO guideline of spending 2 percent of GDP on defence within a decade, with a view to fulfilling NATO capability priorities.
North Atlantic Alliance- The North Atlantic Alliance binds North America and Europe in the defence of common security, prosperity and values. It guarantees the security of its members through collective defence.
It strengthens security in Europe, and projects stability further afield through crisis management and cooperative security with its unique set of partnerships.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) also called the North Atlantic Alliance. NATO is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949.
The last NATO summit was held in Chicago in 2012 and the next NATO Summit will be held in Warsaw, Poland in 2016.