12 June: World Day against Child Labour
The World Day against Child Labour was observed across the world on June 12, 2018 with an aim to raise awareness against child labour.
Theme: Generation Safe & Healthy
The theme of World Day against Child Labour 2018 was ‘Generation Safe & Healthy’.
This year, the World Day against Child Labour (WDACL) and the World Day for Safety and Health at Work (SafeDay) came together in a joint campaign to improve the safety and health of young workers and end child labour.
The joint campaign aims to boost initiatives to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target 8.8 of safe and secure working environments for all workers by 2030 and SDG target 8.7 of ending all forms of child labour by 2025.
Once these goals are achieved, these will benefit the next generation of the global workforce and will promote a culture of prevention on Occupational Safety Health (OSH).
Facts and Figures
• There are 541 million young workers (15-24 years old) globally. They account for more than 15 percent of the world’s labour force and suffer up to a 40 percent higher rate of non-fatal occupational injuries.
• Over 73 million children are in hazardous work and almost half of the 152 million children aged 5 to 17 are still into child labour.
• These children are toiling in mines and fields, factories and homes, exposed to pesticides and other toxic substances, carrying heavy loads or working long hours.
• Many suffer lifelong physical and psychological consequences.
• As per the ILO’s Conventions, namely, the Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No 138) and the Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No 182), no child under the age of 18 should perform hazardous work.
When was the Day proclaimed?
• The International Labour Organisation (ILO) proclaimed the World Day against Child Labour in 2002 to focus attention on the global extent of child labour and the action and efforts needed to eliminate it.
• Each year on 12 June, the Day brings together governments, employers and workers organizations, and civil society to highlight the plight of child labourers and what can be done to help them.
Video: Check out the latest current affairs of this week