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Atomic Energy

28-NOV-2015 13:18

    India’s first atomic power station was established in Tarapur (Maharashtra) in 1969 with the assistance of the USA. The second atomic 1972 with the assistance of Canada. It has been established near the Rana Pratap Sagar dam because of the facility of water. The third atomic power station has been established on the eastern coast of India in Kalpakkam (80 Km South to Chennai, Tamil Nadu) in 1984. It is based on indigenous technology.  At present, nuclear power constitutes only less than 4 per cent of the total energy production.  It requires highly sophisticated technology and technical knowhow.  Moreover, for the cooling of plant there is heavy need of fresh water.

    Atomic Power Stations

    The Atomic Energy Institution at Trombay was established in 1954. Atomic Research Centre (BARC), in 1967.  The first nuclear power station with a capacity of 320 MW was set up at Tarapur near Mumbai in 1969. Subsequently, the Rawatbhata Atomic Plant (300 MW) near Kota was set up in 1969 which was followed by the establishment of Narora (1989), Kaiga (Karnataka), and Kakrapara in Gujarat in1993.

    Tarapur (Maharashtra), Rawatbhata Kota (Rajasthan), Kalpakkam (Tamil Nadu), Narora (U. P.) Kakrapara (Gujarat), Kaiga(Karnataka), Rawatbhata; Kota (Rajasthan) Tarapur (Maharashtra), Kaiga (Karnataka), Rawatbhata Kota (Rajasthan), Kudankulam (Tamil Nadu), Jaitapur, Haripur. Kawada. Kumharia or Gorakhp Maithi-Verdi Bargi-Chutka

    Institutes related to atomic Energy

    Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB), Mumbai, Maharashtra is given some regulation powers by AEC. Following Research institutions affiliated to BARC

    • Atomic Minerals Directorate for Exploration and Research (AMD), Hyderabad

    • Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR), Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu

    • Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology, Indore

    • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre (VECC), Kolkata

    • India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO)

    • Electronics Corporation of India (ECIL), Hyderabad

    • Indian Rare Earths Limited (IREL), Mumbai

    • Uranium Corporation of India, Singhbhum

    • Nuclear Power Corporation of India (NPCIL), Mumbai, Maharashtra

    • Bharatiya Nabhkiya Vidyut Nigam Limited (BHAVINI), Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu

    • Heavy Water Board (HWB), Mumbai

    • Nuclear Fuel Complex (NFC), Hyderabad

    • Board of Radiation & Isotope Technology (BRIT), Mumbai

    • Homi Bhabha National Institute, Mumbai

    • Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai

    • Tata Institute of Fundamental Research Hyderabad, Hyderabad

    • National Institute of Science Education and Research, Bhubaneswar

    • National Board for Higher Mathematics (NBHM), New Delhi

    • Atomic Energy Education Society (AEES), Mumbai

    • Tata Memorial Centre, Mumbai

    • Center for Excellence in Basic Sciences, Mumbai

    • Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics (SINP), Kolkata

    • Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar

    • Harish-Chandra Research Institute (HRI), Allahabad

    • Institute of Mathematical Sciences (IMSc), Chennai

    • Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar

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