Bandipur National Park: A Tiger Reserve in Southern India
Bandipur National Park is tagged as one of the most beautiful and the well-managed national parks of India. It is situated amidst the picturesque surroundings of the towering Western Ghats Mountains on the Mysore-Ooty highway in Karnataka. Bandipur National Park is scattered in area of about 874.2 sq km. It creates the India's biggest biosphere reserve popularly known as the 'Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. Bandipur also has a sizable number of Tigers. This national Park occupies a special place in India's efforts towards Eco-conservation.
Bandipur also has a sizable number of Tigers. Other natural inhabitants of this lovely park are gaur (a type of bull), sambhar, chital, mouse deer, four-horned antelope, wild dogs, wild boar, jackal, sloth bear, panther, Malabar squirrel, porcupines and the black-knapped hare. Birds like jungle fowl and green pigeon are also found here.
Location of Bandipur National Park:
Wildlife at Bandipur National Park:
A Cheetal A Gaur
Bandipur National Park: Facts at a Glance:
1. It is situated in Gundlupet taluqa of Chamarajanagar district. It is about 80 kilometers (50 mi) from the city of Mysore on the route to a major tourist destination of Ooty.
2. Initially Maharaja of the Kingdom of Mysore created a sanctuary of 90 km2 (35 sq mi) in 1931 and named it the Venugopala Wildlife Park.
3. The Bandipur Tiger Reserve was established under Project Tiger in 1973 by adding nearly 800 km2 (310 sq mi) to the Venugopala Wildlife Park.
4. It is scattered in area of about 874.2 sq kms.
5. It creates the India's biggest biosphere reserve popularly known as the 'Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve'.
6. It is the natural inhabitants of gaur (a type of bull), sambhar, chital, mouse deer, four-horned antelope, wild dogs, wild boar, jackal, sloth bear, panther, malabar squirrel, porcupines and the black-knapped hare. Birds like jungle fowl and green pigeon are also found here.
7. This Park is located between 75° 12’ 17” E to 76° 51’ 32” E and 11° 35’ 34” N to 11° 57’ 02” N where the Deccan Plateau meets the Western Ghats.
8. The park has a variety of biomes including dry deciduous forests, moist deciduous forests and scrublands.
9. The park is surrounded by the Kabini River in the north and the Moyar River in the south while the Nugu River runs through the park.
10. Bandipur has a good numbers of timber trees comprising: rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia), giant clumping bamboo, sandalwood (Santalum album V), teak (Tectona grandis), Indian-laurel (Terminalia tomentosa), Indian kino tree (Pterocarpus marsupium), (Dendrocalamus strictus), clumping bamboo (Bambusa arundinacea) and Grewia tiliaefolia.
11. Bandipur Park is possessor of so many endangered and vulnerable species like Indian elephants, gaurs, tigers, sloth bears, muggers, four-horned antelopes, jackals, dholes and Indian rock pythons.