Rural development entails better social transformation and economic development of people. To provide rural people with enhanced prospects for economic growth, augmented participation of people in rural development programmes, better enforcement of land reforms, greater admittance to credit and decentralization of planning are visualized.
Originally, main drive for expansion was laid on agriculture business, education, communication, health and related sectors but later on it was comprehended that speedy development can be provided if governmental efforts are passably complemented by direct & indirect concern of people at the grass root level. Consequently, on March 31, 1952, an organization recognized as Community Projects Administration was made under the Planning Commission to oversee the programmes pertaining to community growth. Community development programme inducted on 2nd October 1952, was a significant milestone in the history of rural development. This programme experienced many alterations and was handled by diverse Ministries.
Department of Rural Development executes schemes for creation of wage employment and self employment, stipulation of minor and housing irrigation assets to the rural poor, social backing to the impoverished & Rural Roads. Apart from this, the Department of Rural Development offers the support services & other eminent inputs for instance support for intensification of DRDA Administration, training research, Panchayati raj institutions, development of voluntary action, human resource development, etc. for the proper accomplishment of programmes.
The main programmes of Department of Rural Development are Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana, Rural Housing, Sampoorna Gramin Rozgar Yojana & Swaranjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana.
During 9th Plan period, numerous anti - poverty Programmes have been rationalized to augment the effectiveness of the Programmes for providing enlarged benefits to rural poor. Self - Employment Programmes have been refurbished by assimilating the Integrated Rural Development Programme, Supply of Improved Tool-Kits to Rural Artisans, Development of Women & Children in Rural Areas Training of Rural Youth for Self Employment, Ganga Kalyan Yojana & Million Wells Scheme into a holistic self - employment scheme known as Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana.
1. Panchayat Division
2. Rural Development