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Fundamental Rights of Foreigners in India

19-SEP-2016 16:20

    Fundamental rights are enshrined in part III of the constitution from article 12 to 35. These rights are taken from the constitution of USA. These rights are provided to all the citizens of the country without any discrimination. These rights made the part III of the Indian constitution as the Magna-Carta of India.

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    List of fundamental rights given to foreigners are given below:-

    S.N.

    Fundamental rights available to citizens not to foreigners

    Fundamental rights available to  both citizens & foreigners (except aliens)

    1.

    Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth (article 15).

    Equality before law and equal protection of laws (article 14).

    2.

    Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment (article 16).

    Protection in respect of conviction for offences (article20).

    3.

    Protection of six rights regarding freedom of (speech and expression, (ii) assembly (iii) association, (iv) movement (v) residence and profession (article 19).

    Protection of life and personal liberty (article21).

    4.

    Protection of language, script and culture of minorities (article 29).

    Right to elementary education (article 21A)

    5.

    Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions (article 30).

    Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases (article 22)

    6.

     

    Prohibition of traffic and human beings and forced labour (article 23).

    7.

     

    Prohibition of employment of children in factories etc (article 24).

    8.

     

    Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion (article 25).

    9.

     

    Freedom to mange religious affairs (article 26).

    10.

     

    Freedom from payment of taxes for promotion of any religion (article 27).

    11.

     

    Freedom from attending religious instruction or worship in certain educational institutions (article 28).

    Difference between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles

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