Gupta Empire’s age called the golden age of India. It existed from 320- 550 AD. This empire covered the most of Indian subcontinent to expand their dynasty. Gupta dynasty was of Vaish caste. Caste systems exist in this period. Gupta dynasty started by Sri Gupta, he ruled from 240 -280 CE. His son Ghatoksha (280- 319 CE. ) was the next successor of this Empire. Ghatoksha had a son named Chandragupta (I) (319-335 CE)
Emperors were called as Maharaja in this period. Ghatoksha and his son Chandragupta both were called ” Maharajas”.
The Mahadhiraja title showed his impact on Empire of Gupta, and his ruling over that time. The Gupta dynasty included Chandragupta (i) Samudragupta,Chandragupta(ii), Kumargupta(i), Skandgupta, Purugupta, Kumargupta(ii), Budhagupta, Narshimhagupta, Kumargupta(iii) and Vishnugupta.
The main heroes of Gupta period were Chandragupta (i), Samudragupta, Chandragupta (ii).
The first most notable ruler was Chandragupta (i.):-
Chandragupta (I) Started with A.D 320, he strengthened his post and power by marriages alliances. First with Licchavi , then Kumardevi a princess of kingdom , in exchange he got the kingdoms and security for his empire as his dowry. It had also increased the prestige of him. The Maharauli inscription showed the conquest of him. He was the son of Ghatotkhsha. By 321 CE he expanded his dynasty from Magdha to Prayaga to Saketa. He extended his area from the Ganga River to Prayaga. The modern name of Prayaga is called Allahabaad . Thus Chandragupta (1) gave his empire a solid foundation.
Samudragupta (330-380 AD) was the successor of Chandragupta (I). He was the powerful and great lord of Gupta dynasty. His conquest was shown by the Allahabaad pillar inscription. Samudragupta got the name of Indian Nepoleon due to his military achievements. First he defeated the Achyuta and Nagasena and captured upper Gangetic valley, then moved to south India and captured the territories of 12 kings i.e. Swamidutta,Mahendra, Damana great kings of south India empire. He just won the empire and returned it back to them to leave an impact of his power on them. He again extended his dynasty to north India to other empires such as Rudradeva, Nagadutta, Chandravarman like nine kings, most of them from Naga empire. Lastly he performed an Ashwamedha yagya to stretch his dynasty and power and he also issued silver and gold coin to show his legend.
Chandragupta (ii) (380-415 AD) was the son of Samudragupta, he was called Vikramaditya . The greatest of the achievements of Chandragupta IIs was his war against the Saka satraps of western India. Vakatakas occupied an important place in the Deccan .This marriage gave the useful alliances when Chandragupta overtook the empire of Sakas.
Rudrasimha last empire of Sakas was defeated by him and captured all area of Malwa and Kathalawar Peninsula. After that victory he got his name as Vikaramaditya and his Ashwamedha horse name Sakari means king of Sakas. Then Kumargupta came, the son of Chandragupta (ii) Nalanda University that was laid by him only.
The Huns attacked the Gupta Empire at the time of Skandagupta- the successor of Kumargupta and the last illustrious king of Gupta empire- but were defeated. After his death, none of his successor, Purugupta (467-473 AD), Kumargupta II (473-479 AD), Budhagupta (476-495 AD), Narshimhagupt, kumargupta III and Vishnugupta (540-550 AD) could not save the Gupta Empire from Huns attack and the empire slowly disintegrated.