Harshavardhana (590–647 AD), famously known as Harsha, was an Indian emperor who ruled North India from 606 AD to 647 AD and Kannauj was his capital. He belonged to Pushyabhuti Dynasty and son of Prabhakarvardhana. His realm of supremacy and kingdom spread over Punjab, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Bengal, Odisha and the entire Indo-Gangetic plain North of the Narmada River. He was vanquished by the south Indian Emperor Pulakeshin II of the Chalukya tradition when Harsha attempted to expand his Empire into the southern peninsula of India.
The Empire of Harsha was an old Indian empire established and ruled by Emperor Harsha from the capital Kannauj. Even though his realm was brief, it was peaceful and flourishing conditions in the empire made the court of Harsha a focal point of cosmopolitanism, pulling in researchers, craftsmen and religious guests from distant locations abroad, for example, the Chinese voyager Xuanzang.
Harsha died in 647 A.D., having ruled for a long time, leading to the decline of this empire, which broke down quickly into small states. The succeeding period is extremely obscure; however it denotes the perfection of a procedure that had started with the intrusion of the Huns in the most recent years of the Gupta Empire.
He was the ruler of Kannauj in the early part of the eighth century. The city had already been ruled by Harsha who died without a beneficiary. This went on for around a century before Yashovarman developed it as its ruler.
Vakpati was among his courtiers and his work has portrayed Yashovarman differently. He is described as either a perfect incarnation of Vishnu or a Kshatriya of the lunar administration. Cunningham thought of him as one likely to be identified with the Maukharis who had ruled Kannauj before Harsha, and some Jain works say that he was identified with the Chandragupta’s who ruled the Mauryan realm.
The Gaudavaho portrays Yashovarman as vanquishing extensive swathes of northern India, including Bihar, Bengal, western Deccan, Indus Valley, and Kashmir before returning in power to Kannauj. On the other hand, Kalhana, a Kashmiri court recorder who lived around the 12th century AD, gives an altogether different account in his Rajatarangini, portraying Yashovarman as a ruler who was among those crushed by Lalitaditya Muktapida, a ruler of Kashmir. He defeated Yashovarman.
Ayudha Ruler of Kannauj
None of the successors of Yashovarman demonstrated skills to run and defend the kingdom and Kannauj was taken over by Ayudha line. Vajrayudh became the ruler of Kannauj. After his demise his son Indrayudh assumed control. There was constant tussle for power between him and his brother Chakrayudh for the grand Kannauj. At that point three dynasties turned out to be intense in India. These were the Gurjara-Pratiharas of Rajasthan, the Rashtrakutas of Maharashtra and the Palas of Bengal. Distinctive rulers of these administrations battled against one another to capture Kannauj and in this way trying to prove their superiority over the other and being the emperor of India.
Kannauj and the Tripartite Struggle
The Tripartite Struggle for control of Northern India occurred in the 9th century. The battle was between the Pratihara Empire, the Pala Empire and the Rashtrakuta Empire. The battle for Kannauj got to be not kidding after the Pratiharas practiced control over it.
During the rule of Krishna III, there was fruitful battle against the Cholas. The Rashtrakutas likewise framed a wedding association with the Gangas and vanquished the kingdom of Vengi. The force of the Rashtrakutas began to decay alongside the Palas before the end of 19th century. This was seen as a perfect open door by the medieval lord Taila II who vanquished the Rastrakutas ruler and pronounced his kingdom there. This came to be known the Later Chalukya tradition. Their kingdom incorporated the conditions of Karnataka, Konkan and northern Godavari. Before the end of the tripartite battle, the Pratiharas rose successful and set up themselves as the rulers of focal India.
Very little is thought about the kingdom of Kannauj after Emperor Harsha's demise in 647 AD bringing about incredible disarray because of the absence of any of his heirs. Kannauj wanted a brief period under the hands of Arunasva who assaulted Wang Hstian-tse who went to the court of king Harsha as diplomat of the Chinese emperor Tai-Tsung. However Wang Hstian-tse succeeded in catching Arunasva who was taken back to China to spend his days in participation on the Tang Emperor.
Towards the successor's end of Nagabhata II, effectively assaulted Kannauj and set up control there. This was brief as he was not long after crushed by the Rastrakuta ruler, Govinda III. Be that as it may, he was kept occupied in interior legislative issues by a partnership of distinctive kingdoms in the south. Talking point of preference of the shortcoming of these Ayudha rulers and pulled in by the enormous key and monetary possibilities of the kingdom of Kannauj, the Gurjara-Pratiharas of Bhinmal (Rajasthan), the Palas of Bengal and Bihar and the Rashtrakutas of the Manyakheta (Karnataka) battled against one another. This tripartite battle for Kannauj waited for right around two centuries and eventually finished for the Gurjara-Pratihara ruler Nagabhata II who made the city the capital of the Gurjara-Pratihara kingdom, which ruled for around three centuries.