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List of Administrative Departments under the Mughal Empire

31-OCT-2017 14:32

    The administrative structure of the Mughal Empire was centralised based on military power. The Mughal emperors accepted two primary duties for themselves, Jahanbani (protection of the state) and Jahangiri (extension of the empire).Hence, they were responsible for appointment, promotion, and removal; they had no institutional pressure and it was for the sake of smooth functioning of the empire that a few departments were created. Here, we are giving the list of Administrative Departments under the Mughal Empire for general awareness.

    Administrative Department of Mughal Empire

    List of Administrative Departments under the Mughal Empire

    Important Departments



    Department of revenue & finances


    Military department


    Foreign affairs department


    Custodian of govt. papers


    Justice department


    Intelligence department


    Department in charge of royal household

    Elements and Structure of the Mughal Administration

    1. Emperor as the representative of God

    2. Centralized power

    3. Benevolent despot

    4. Rule of Aristocracy

    5. Foreign-cum Indian system of administration

    List of Officers in Mughal Administration

    6. Secular versus theocratic state

    7. Administration-military in origin

    8. Revenue administration

    9. The administration as manufacturer

    10. Council of Ministers

    The characteristics of the Mughal Administrative structure were influenced of the administrative system of the Sultanate and Sher Shah. The Mughal administration presented a combination of Indian and extra-Indian elements, or more correctly, it was the “Perso-Arabic system in Indian setting”.  The Emperor was supreme authority who made the laws and issued administrative ordinances which had the force of laws in the light of the shariat (Islamic law).

    “History of Medieval India”: A Complete Study Material

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