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List of Inventions and Discoveries by Israel

11-JUL-2017 00:00

    Israel has become the fastest growing economy and technological powerhouse after 50 years of its establishment, because country's has a tremendous combination of the educational and scientific infrastructure with the country's most pressing problems unexpectedly made for a creative synthesis which set development into motion. Here, we are giving list of Inventions and Discoveries by Israel in areas like Mathematics, Robotics, Chemistry, Physics, Optics, Economics, Biotechnology, computer science, Computing & Computer hardware, and arms and ammunition for Defence for general awareness.

    Israel

    Mathematics

    1. Johnson–Lindenstrauss lemma

    Given by: Joram Lindenstrauss

    2.  Measurement of rigidity

    Given by: Elon Lindenstrauss

    3. Proof of Szemeredi's theorem

    Solved by:  Hillel Furstenberg

    4. Expansion of axiomatic set theory and the ZF set theory

    Given by: Abraham Fraenkel.

    5. Area of automorphic forms and L-functions

    Given by:  Ilya Piatetski-Shapiro

    6. Sauer–Shelah lemma and Shelah cardinal

    Given by: Norbert Sauer and Saharon Shelah

    7. Zig-zag product of graphs

    Given by:  Avi Wigderson

    8. Bernstein–Sato polynomial and proof of the Kazhdan–Lusztig conjectures

    Given by:  Joseph Bernstein

    9. Amitsur–Levitzki theorem

    Given by:  Shimshon Amitsur

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    Robotics

    10. ReWalk

    Manufacturer‎: ‎ReWalk Robotics

    11. Robotic guidance system for spine surgery

    Given by: Mazor Robotics

    Chemistry

    12. Model of quasicrystals

    Discovered by:  Nobel Prize winner Dan Shechtman of the Technion

    13. Role of protein Ubiquitin

    Discovered by:  Avram Hershko and Aaron Ciechanover of the Technion Institute (together with the American biologist Irwin Rose)

    13. Multiscale models for complex chemical systems

    Discovered by: Arieh Warshel and Michael Levitt of the Weizmann Institute of Science

    Physics

    14. Eshkol-Wachman Movement Notation

    Developed by: Noa Eshkol and Avraham Wachman

    15. Prediction of Quarks

    Discovered by:  Yuval Ne'eman of Tel Aviv University (together with the American physicist Murray Gell-Mann)

    16. Aharonov–Bohm effect

    Discovered by:  Yakir Aharonov and David Bohm

    17. Formulation of Black holes Entropy

    Given by: Jacob Bekenstein

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    Optics

    17. World's smallest video camera – a camera with a 0.99 mm

    Designed by:  Medigus

    18. The Pillcam

    Developed by:  Given Imaging

    Economics

    19. Explanation of irrational human economic choices

    Explained by:  Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky

    20. Game theory

    Given by: Israel Aumann of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem

    21. Rubinstein bargaining model

    Given by:  Ariel Rubinstein

    Biotechnology

    22. Nanowire

    Developed by:  Uri Sivan, Erez Braun and Yoav Eichen from the Technion

    23. World's smallest DNA computing machine system

    Developed by: Weizmann Institute of Science by Professor Ehud Shapiro and his team

    Theoretical computer science

    24. Concept of nondeterministic finite automatons

    Introduced by: Michael O. Rabin

    25. Temporal logic into computing science

    Introduced by: Amir Pnueli

    26. Lempel–Ziv–Welch algorithm

    Explained by: Abraham Lempel and Jacob Ziv of the Technion institute, Terry Welch (American Information theorist)

    27. RSA public key encryption

    Introduced by: Adi Shamir with Ron Rivest, and Leonard Adleman

    28. Differential cryptanalysis

     Invented by: Adi Shamir

    Computing & Computer hardware

    29. Intel 8088 - the first PC CPU from IBM

    Designed by: Israel at Intel's Haifa laboratory

    30. Quicktionary Electronic dictionary

    Developed by: Wizcom Technologies Ltd

    31. Laser Keyboard

    Developed by: Israeli company Lumio and Silicon Valley start-up company Canesta

    32. TDMoIP (TDM over IP) in telecommunications, the emulation of time-division multiplexing (TDM) over a packet switched network (PSN)

    Developed by: Engineers at RAD Data Communications

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    Computer and mobile software

    33. Babylon

    Developed by: Amnon Ovadia

    34. ICQ (Instant Messaging software)

    Developed by: Initially in 1996 by the Israeli company Mirabilis and later procured by AOL

    35. Viber

    Developed by: American-Israeli entrepreneur Talmon Marco

    36. GetTaxi

    Founded by: Israeli entrepreneurs Shahar Waiser and Roi More

    37. Waze

    Founded by: Uri Levine, software engineer Ehud Shabtai and Amir Shinar

    Defence

    38. IMI Tavor TAR-21

    39. IMI Tavor TAR-21

    40. Uzi submachine gun

    Developed by:  Maj. Uziel Gal

    41. Python (Short-range air-to-air missile)

    42. Desert Eagle (short range pistol)

    43. Protector USV (Unmanned Surface Vehicle)

    Developed by: Rafael Advanced Defence Systems

    44. Iron Dome

    Development by: Rafael Advanced Defence Systems and Israel Aircraft Industries

    45. MUSIC (Multi Spectral Infrared Countermeasure)

    Manufactured by:  Elbit Systems

    46. MagnoShocker

    Developed by:  Mathematician Amit Weissman and his colleagues Adir Kahn and Zvi Jordan

    47. Wall radar

    Developed by: Israeli company Camro

    48. Injured Personnel Carrier on YouTube

    Developed by: Israeli company Agilite Gear

    49. Emergency Bandage

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    Agriculture and breeding

    50. Golden hamster

    51. Hybrid cucumber seeds

    Developed by: Prof. Esra Galun of the Weizmann Institute

    52. Grain cocoons

    Invented by: international food technology consultant Professor Shlomo Navarro

    53. Biological pest control

    Invented by: Company called Bio-Bee

    54. AKOL

    Invented by: Kibbutz-based Company

    55. Reusable plastic trays

    Invented by: Tal-Ya Water Technologies

    56. Zero-discharge system

    Invented by:  Israeli GFA Company

    57. TraitUP

    Developed by: Hebrew University agricultural scientists Ilan Sela and Haim D. Rabinowitch

    58. Judean date palm

    Characteristics: oldest seed ever to be revived, restoring an extinct cultivar

    59. Tomaccio cherry tomato

    Developed by: Professor Nahum Keidar and Professor Chaim Rabinovitch

    60. Super iron battery

    Developed by: Stuart Licht

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    Consumer goods and appliances

    61. Epilator (Epilady)

    Manufactured at:  Kibbutz HaGoshrim

    62. Micronized coating instant hot water pipes

    Developed by:  A.C.T

    In the above list of Inventions and Discoveries by Israel shows the fertility of Israeli mind that makes hotspot of high-tech entrepreneurship rivalling.

    List of Advance Technology used by Israel

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