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List of Major Crops and required Geo-climatic condition across the world

06-SEP-2017 17:03

    The Geo-Climate is the long-term pattern of weather in a particular area. Weather is the state of the atmosphere over short periods of time. Weather can change from hour to hour, day to day, month to month or even year to year. A region’s weather patterns, tracked for more than 30 years, are considered its climate. Here, we are giving the list of Major Crops and required Geo-climatic condition across the world which will be helpful for the entire preparation journey of aspirants.

    Cimate Condition

    List of Major Crops and required Geo-climatic condition across the world

    1. Rice       

    Temperature: 15°-27° C

    Rainfall: 100- 150 cm

    Soil: Heavy-clayey to-clayey-loam    

    Producers: China, India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Thailand, Japan, Myanmar, Vietnam, Malaysia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka

    Leading exporter in the world: Thailand

    2. Wheat    

    Temperature: 12°-25°C

    Rainfall: 25-75 cm

    Soil: well-drained-light clay to heavy clay  

    Producers: China, India, USA, Russia, Australia, Canada, Pakistan, France, and Turkey.

    Leading exporter in the world: USA

    3. Maize    

    Temperature: 15°-27°C

    Rainfall: 65-125 cm

    Soil: Deep-heavy clay to light sandy loam 

    Producers: USA, China, Brazil, Mexico, Russia, Romania, India, and South Africa.

    Leading exporter in the world: USA

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    4. Millets   

    Temperature: 20°-35°C

    Rainfall: 25-75 cm

    Soil: Sandy-loam to clayey loam      

    Producers: China, USA, India, Nigeria, Ukraine, Thailand, Russia, and Turkey.

    Leading exporter in the world: USA

    5. Bajra (Pearl Millet)   

    Temperature: 25°-35°C

    Rainfall: 25-60 cm

    Soil: Sandy loam to loam       

    Producers: In India: Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Andhra Pradesh.

    6. Pulses (Kharif)

    Temperature: 20° -27°C

    Rainfall: 25-60 cm

    Soil: Sandy-loam Producers: In India: Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Haryana, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal

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    7. Lentil (Rabi)   

    Temperature: 15° to 25°C

    Rainfall: 25 to 50 cm

    Soil: Loamy to clayey loam     

    Producers: Mediterranean countries of Europe, Egypt, Greece, Turkey, China, India: (Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and West Bengal

    8. Oilseeds

    Temperature: 15°-30°C

    Rainfall: 30-50 cm        

    Soil: loam to clayey loam        

    Producers: In India: Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Bihar, West Bengal, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Uttarakhand.

    9. Groundnut     

    Temperature: 20°-30°C

    Rainfall: 50-75 cm

    Soil: well-drained-sandy loams, red and black cotton   

    Producers: India, China, USA, Sudan, Senegal, Indonesia, Argentina, Myanmar.

    Leading exporter in the world: USA

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    10. Sugarcane    

    Temperature: 20°-35°C

    Rainfall: 85-165 cm

    Soil: Well-drained alluvium, black, red and brown regur soil 

    Producers: Brazil, India, China, Pakistan, Thailand, Mexico, Cuba, Colombia.

    Leading exporter: Brazil

    11. Sugar beet    

    Temperature: 10°-25°C

    Rainfall: 25-50 cm

    Soil: Well-drained-loamy soil   Producers: France, USA, Germany, Russia, China, Ukraine, Poland, Turkey, Leading exporter in the world: France

    12. Cotton

    Temperature: 18°-27°C

    Rainfall: 60-110 cm

    Soil: well-drained loam, and regur (black-earth) 

    Producers: China, USA, India, Brazil, Pakistan, Uzbekistan, Egypt, Turkey.

    Leading exporter in the world: USA

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    13. Tea      

    Temperature: 15° -35°C

    Rainfall: 100-250 cm

    Soil: well-drained, light loamy Soil   Producers: India, China, Sri-Lanka, Kenya, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Turkey.

    Leading exporter in the world: India.

    14. Coffee 

    Temperature: 15°-28°C

    Rainfall: 125-225 cm

    Soil: well-drained alluvial Soil Producers: Brazil, Colombia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Ivory-Coast, Mexico, Ghana, Cameroon, India.

    Leading exporter in the world: Brazil

    15. Cocoa  

    Temperature: 18°-35°C

    Rainfall: 100-250 cm

    Soil: well-drained alluvium    

    Producers: Ivory-Coast, Ghana, Indonesia, Brazil, Cameroon, Nigeria, Ecuador, Costa-Rica.

    Leading exporter in the world: Ivory-Coast

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    16. Rubber

    Temperature: 27°C

    Rainfall: 150-250 cm

    Soil: rich-well-drained alluvial Soil  

    Producers: Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, India, China, Sri-Lanka, Liberia, Brazil.

    Leading exporter in the world: Thailand.

    17. Jute    

    Temperature: 25°-35°C

    Rainfall: about 150-250 cm

    Soil: Well drained alluvial Soil

    Producers: Bangladesh, India, China, Thailand, Myanmar, Brazil and Nepal.

    Leading exporter: Bangladesh

    18. Flax     

    Temperature: 10°-20°C

    Rainfall: 15-20 cm

    Soil: Rich loam or clayey loam

    Producers: In India: Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and the Jammu Division of J & K

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    19. Coconut       

    Temperature: 27°C

    Rainfall: 100-250 cm, up-to 600 m above the sea level

    Soil: lateritic red, sandy alluvial sandy      

    Producers: In India: Kerala (55%), Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Goa, Gujarat and Maharashtra.

    20. Oil-palm       

    Temperature: 27°-33°C (maximum), 22°-24°C (minimum)

    Rainfall: 250-400 cm well distributed in the year

    Soil: Deep-loamy and alluvial soil    

    Producers: India: Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Assam, Gujarat, Goa, Kerala, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Tripura and West Bengal

    21. Clove   

    Temperature: 25°-35°C

    Rainfall:  200- 250 cm

    Soil: Red alluvial Soil    

    Producers: In India: Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andaman and Nicobar

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    22. Black Pepper

    Temperature: 15°C to 40°C

    Rainfall: 200-300'cm. Height up-to 1500 m above sea level

    Soil: rich in hums, red-loam to sandy loam, and red lateritic sandy loam

    Producers: In India: Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Pondicherry

    23. Cardamom    

    Temperature: 10°-35°C

    Rainfall: 150-400 cm, height 600-1500 m

    Soil: well-drained lateritic      

    Producers: In India: Kerala (60%), Karnataka (30%), and Tamil Nadu (10 %).

    24. Turmeric      

    Temperature: 20°-30°C

    Rainfall: 150-250 cm

    Soil: well-drained clayey loam or red loamy soil  

    Producers: In India: Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, and West Bengal.

    The climatic zones can be grouped into the following types: Tropical; Monsoon; Dry; Warm; Cool; Cold. In the above list of Major Crops and required Geo-climatic condition across the world gives a quick recap of the major crops which are grown in different climatic conditions.

    Climate, Soil & Vegetation in India

    The climatic zones can be grouped into the following types: Tropical; Monsoon; Dry; Warm; Cool; Cold. In the above list of Major Crops and required Geo-climatic condition across the world gives a quick recap of the major crops which are grown in different climatic conditions.

    Climate, Soil & Vegetation of India

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