List of Ocean Currents of the World

Ocean Currents are made up of horizontal and vertical components of the circulation system of ocean waters that is produced by gravity, wind friction, and water density variation in different parts of the ocean.
Created On: Dec 3, 2020 10:50 IST
Modified On: Dec 3, 2020 10:50 IST
List of Ocean Currents of the World
List of Ocean Currents of the World

Oceans are the lifeline of the Earth and humankind because it plays an important role in the Earth's climate and in global warming. It produces over half of the world's oxygen and absorbs 50 times more carbon dioxide than our atmosphere.

What are Ocean Currents?

The Ocean Currents consist of horizontal and vertical components of the circulation system of ocean waters that is produced by gravity, wind friction, and water density variation in different parts of the ocean. They are classified into three-part i.e. Drift, Current, and Stream on the basis of the direction of flow, speed, and shape. They can be cold, warm, and hot. Warm ocean currents originate near the equator and move towards the poles or higher latitudes while cold currents originate near the poles or higher latitudes and move towards the tropics or lower latitudes. The current's direction and speed depend on the shoreline and the ocean floor. They can flow for thousands of miles and are found in all the major oceans of the world. The list of Ocean Currents of the world is given below along with their nature.

List of Ocean Currents of the World

Name of Current

Nature of Current

North Equatorial Current

Hot or Warm

Kuroshio Current

Warm

North Pacific Current

Warm

Alaskan Current

Warm

Counter Equatorial Current

Warm

El Nino Current

Warm

Tsushima Current

Warm

South Equatorial Current

Warm

East Australian Current

Warm

Humboldt or Peruvian Current

Cold

Kuril or Oya shio Current

Cold

California Current

Cold

Antarctica Current

Cold

Okhotsk Current

Cold

Florida Current

Warm

Gulf Stream

Warm

Norwegian Current

Warm

Irminger Current

Warm

Rannell Current

Warm

Antilles Current

Warm

Brazilian Current

Warm

Labrador Current

Cold

Canary Current

Cold

Eastern Greenland Current

Cold

Benguela Current

Cold

Antarctica Current

Cold

Falkland Current

Cold

Mozambique Current

Warm and Stable

Agulhas Current

Warm and Stable

South-West Monsoon Current

Warm and unstable

North-East Monsoon Current

Cold and unstable

Somali Current

Cold and unstable

Western Australian Current

Cold and Stable

South Indian Ocean Current

Cold

The Ocean Currents in the northern hemisphere deflect towards their right and in the southern hemisphere deflect towards their left due to the Coriolis force. The only exception to this rule of the flow of ocean water is found in the Indian Ocean, where the direction of current flow changes with the change in the direction of monsoon wind flow. It is noteworthy that the cold currents are lesser in number as compared to the warm or hot current.

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