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List of Ocean Currents of the World

06-MAR-2018 18:08
    List of Ocean Currents of the World

    The Ocean Currents consists of horizontal and vertical components of the circulation system of ocean waters that is produced by gravity, wind friction, and water density variation in different parts of the ocean. They are classified into three part i.e. Drift, Current and Stream on the basis of the direction of flow, speed and shape. It may be cold, warm and hot. Warm ocean currents originate near the equator and move towards the poles or higher latitudes while cold currents originate near the poles or higher latitudes and move towards the tropics or lower latitude. The current's direction and speed depend on the shoreline and the ocean floor. They can flow for thousands of miles and are found in all the major oceans of the world. The list of Ocean Currents of the world is given below along with their nature.

    List of Ocean Currents of the World

    Name of Current

    Nature of Current

    North Equatorial Current

    Hot or Warm

    Kuroshio Current

    Warm

    North Pacific Current

    Warm

    Alaskan Current

    Warm

    Counter Equatorial Current

    Warm

    El Nino Current

    Warm

    Tsushima Current

    Warm

    South Equatorial Current

    Warm

    East Australian Current

    Warm

    Humboldt or Peruvian Current

    Cold

    Kuril or Oya shio Current

    Cold

    California Current

    Cold

    Antarctica Current

    Cold

    Okhotsk Current

    Cold

    Florida Current

    Warm

    Gulf Stream

    Warm

    Norwegian Current

    Warm

    Irminger Current

    Warm

    Rannell Current

    Warm

    Antilles Current

    Warm

    Brazilian Current

    Warm

    Labrador Current

    Cold

    Canary Current

    Cold

    Eastern Greenland Current

    Cold

    Benguela Current

    Cold

    Antarctica Current

    Cold

    Falkland Current

    Cold

    Mozambique Current

    Warm and Stable

    Agulhas Current

    Warm and Stable

    South-West Monsoon Current

    Warm and unstable

    North-East Monsoon Current

    Cold and unstable

    Somali Current

    Cold and unstable

    Western Australian Current

    Cold and Stable

    South Indian Ocean Current

    Cold

    The Ocean Currents in the northern hemisphere deflects towards their right and in the southern hemisphere deflect towards their left due to the Coriolis force. The only exception to this rule of the flow of ocean water is found in the Indian Ocean, where the direction of current flow changes with the change in the direction of monsoon wind flow. It is noteworthy that the cold currents are lesser in number as compared to the warm or hot current.

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