Milestones in Indian Space Programmes

01-FEB-2016 16:03

    The establishment of Indian national committee for space research (INCOSPAR) in 1962 marked the beginning of Indian space programme. The Indian space programme was institutionalized in November, 1969 with the formation of Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). From the last 5 decades, ISRO has launched more than 80 satellites for various scientific and technological applications like mobile communication, direct to home services, meteorological observations, telemedicine, telecommunication, disaster warning, radio networking, remote sensing etc.

    Jagranjosh

    Milestones in Indian Space Programme

    1962

    Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) formed and works on establishing Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS) started.

    1963

    First sounding rocket launch from TERLS (November 21, 1963).

    1965

    Space Science and Technology Centre (SSTC) established in Thumba.

    1968

    TERLS dedicated to the United Nations (February 2, 1968).

    1969

    Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) formed (August 15, 1969).

    1972

    Space Commission and Department of Space set up. ISRO brought under DoS (June 1, 1972)

    1975

    ISRO becomes Government Organization (April 1, 1975).

    First Indian Satellite, Aryabhatta, launched (April 19, 1975). It was launched by u-11 Interkosmos vehicle.

    1979

    Bhaskara-I, an experimental satellite for earth observations, launched (June 7, 1979). First Experimental launch of SLV-3 with Rohini Technology Payload on board (August 10, 1979). Satellite could not be placed in orbit.

    1980

    Second Experimental launch of SLV-3. Rohini satellite successfully placed in orbit (July 18,1980).

    1981

    First developmental launch of SLV-3. RS-D1 placed in orbit (May 31, 1981). APPLE, an experimental geostationary communication satellite successfully launched (June 19, 1981). Bhaskara-lllaunched (November 20,1981).

    1982

    INSAT-1A launched (April 10, 1982). Deactivated on September 6,1982.

    1983

    Second developmental launch of SLV-3. RS-D2 placed in orbit (April 17, 1983).
    I NSAT-1B, launched (August 30, 1983).

    1984

    Indo-Soviet manned space mission (April 1984).

    1987

    First developmental launch of ASLV with SROSS-1 satellite on board (March 24, 1987). Satellite could not be placed in orbit.

    1988

    Launch of first operational Indian Remote Sensing Satellite, IRS-1 A (March 17, 1988). Second developmental launch of ASLV with SROSS-2 on board (July 13,1988). Satellite could not be placed in orbit. INSAT-1 C launched (July 22, 1988). Abandoned in November 1989.

    1990

    INSAT-1 D launched (June 12, 1990). Identical to INSAT-1A. Still in service. A third stage motor landed from its launch, landed in Australia in 2008.  It was launched by Delta 4925 vehicle.

    1992

    3rd developmental launch of ASLV with SROSS-C on board (May 20, 1992). Satellite placed in orbit.
    I NSAT-2A, the first satellite of the indigenously-built second-generation INSAT series, launched
    (July 10, 1992).

    1993

    I NSAT-2B, the second satellite in INSAT-2 series, launched (July 23,1993). First developmental launch of PSLV with IRS-1 E on board (September 20, 1993). Satellite could
    not be placed in orbit.

    1995

    INSAT-2C, the third satellite in I NSAT-2 series, launched (December 7,1995).Launch of third operational Indian Remote Sensing Satellite, IRS-1 C (December 28, 1995).

    1999

    INSAT-2E, the last satellite in the multipurpose INSAT-2 series, launched by Ariane from Kourou Island, French Guiana (April 3, 1999).

    Indian Remote Sensing Satellite, IRS-P4 (OCEANSAT-1), launched by Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C2) along with Korean KITSAT-3 and German DLR- TUBSAT from Sriharikota (May 26, 1999).

    2001

    Successful flight test of Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) (April 18, 2001) with an experimental satellite GSAT-1 on board. Successful launch of PSLV-C3 (October 22, 2001) placing three satellites - India's TES, Belgian
    PROBA and German BIRD, into Polar sun-synchronous orbit.

    2003

    Successful launch of INSAT-3A by Ariane from Kourou Island, French Guiana (April 10, 2003). Successful launch of second developmental test flight of GSLV (GSLV-D2) with GSAT-2 on board from SDSC SHAR (May 8, 2003). Successful launch of INSAT-3E by Ariane from Kourou Island,
    French Guiana (September 28, 2003).

    Successful launch of RESOURCESAT-1 by ISRO's PSLV-C5 from SDSC SHAR, (October 17, 2003).

    2004

    Successful first operational flight of GSLV (GSLV-F01) from SDSC SHAR. EDUSAT placed in GTO (September 20, 2004).

    2007

    Successful launch of the communication satellite, INSAT-4CR by GSLV-F04 from Satish Dhawan
    Space Centre (SDSC), Sriharikota

    2008

    PSLV-C10 successfully launches TECSAR satellite under a commercial contract with Antrix Corporation (January 21, 2008). PSLV-C9 successfully launches CARTOSAT-2A, IMS-1 and foreign nano satellites from Sriharikota (April 28, 2008). PSLV-C11 successfully launches
    CHANDRAYAAN-1 from Sriharikota (October 22, 2008).

    2009

    PSLV-C12 successfully launches RISAT-2 and ANUSAT from Sriharikota (April 20, 2009)

    2010

    GSLV-D3 launched from Sriharikota (Apr 15, 2010). GSAT-4 satellite could not be placed in orbit as flight testing of the Indigenous Cryogenic Stage in GSLV-D3 Mission was not successful.

    15 July 2011

    GSAT-12 communication satellite built by ISRO, weighs about 1410 kg at lift-off. GSAT-12 is configured to carry 12 Extended C-band transponders to meet the country's growing demand for transponders in a short turn-around-time.The 12 Extended C-band transponders of GSAT-12 will augment the capacity in the INSAT system for various communication services like Tele-education, Telemedicine and for Village Resource Centres (VRC).Mission life About 8 Years.

    26 April 2012

    RISAT-1, first indigenous all-weather Radar Imaging Satellite (RISAT-1), whose images will facilitate agriculture and disaster management weighs about 1858 kg.

    25 February 2013

    SARAL, The Satellite with ARGOS and ALTIKA (SARAL) is a joint Indo-French satellite mission for oceanographic studies. Launched by PSLV-C20.

    1 July 2013           

    IRNSS-1A is launched on 24 Sep 2014 satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS). It is one of the seven spacecraft constituting the IRNSS space segment. Launched by PSLV-C22.

    5 November 2013   

    The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), informally called Mangalyaan is India's first Mars orbiter. Launched by PSLV-C25.

    December 2014

    GSAT-16 is twenty fourth communication satellite of India configured to carry a total of 48 communication transponders. Launched by Ariane-5.

    28 March 2015

    IRNSS-1D is the fourth satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS). It is launched by PSLV-C27.

    27 August 2015

    GSAT-6 is a communication satellite. GSAT- 6 features an unfurlable antenna, largest on board any satellite. Launch of GSLV-D6 also marks the success of indigenously developed upper stage cryogenic engine. It is launched by GSLV-D6.

    28 September 2015

    ASTROSAT is India’s first dedicated multi wavelength space Observatory. It’s Launched by PSLV-C30.

    11 November 2015

    GSAT-15-Communications satellite carries communication transponders in Ku-band and a GPS Aided GEO Augmented Navigation (GAGAN) payload operating in L1 and L5 bands. Weight 3164 Kg. ItsLaunched by Ariane 5 VA-227.

    20 January 2016

    IRNSS-1E is the fifth satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS).There are 7 satellites of this series. it is launched by PSLV-C31.

    Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM)

    MOM was launched aboard PSLV C-25, which was an XL variant of the PSLV, one of world's most reliable launch vehicles. The XL variant was earlier used to launch Chandrayaan (2008), GSAT-12 (2011) and  RISAT-1. Based on the I-1-K satellite bus of ISRO that has proved its reliability over the years in Chandrayaan-1 and the IRS and INSAT series of satellites, the MOM spacecraft carries 850 kg of fuel and 5 science payloads.

    Jagranjosh

    Image Sources: http://www.isro.gov.in

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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