Tamil Nadu at a Glance: The Land of Dravids

Tamil Nadu is known for Dravid inhabitant literally The Land of Tamils or Tamil Country) is one of the 29 states of India. Its capital and largest city is Chennai (formerly known as Madras). Tamil Nadu, lies in the southernmost part of the Indian Peninsula and is bordered by the union territory of Puducherry and the South Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh. Tamil Nadu is the second largest state economy in India with (US$ 167.172 billion) in Gross Domestic Product.
Created On: Jan 18, 2016 17:39 IST
Modified On: Jan 19, 2016 14:39 IST

Tamil Nadu is known for Dravid inhabitant and is literally The Land of Tamils or Tamil Country) is one of the 29 states of India. Its capital and largest city is Chennai (formerly known as Madras). Tamil Nadu, lies in the southernmost part of the Indian Peninsula and is bordered by the union territory of Puducherry and the South Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh. Tamil Nadu is the second largest state economy in India with (US$ 167.172 billion) in Gross Domestic Product.

Jagranjosh

Source: www.goaholidayhomes.com

Facts about Tamil Nadu:

Area

1,30,058 sq.km

Establishment

14 Jan. 1969

Population

7.21 cr. (2011 census)

Principal official Language

Tamil is the official language of the state

Tamil_89.43 %

Telugu_5.65 %

Kannada _ 2.68%

Urdu_1.51%

Malayalam_0.89%

Neighbouring States

Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Puducherry

Capital 

Chennai

 Members of Parliament

Lok Sabha= 39 ,Rajya Sabha= 18)

Legislature

Unicameral (Assembly seats=234)

Airports

Meenambakam,, Chennai, Madurai, Tiruchirapalli,, Coimbatore,Salem

 Major Cities

Chennai, Coimbatore, Madurai, Tiruchirapalli,Thanjavur and Ooty

 Festivals

Pongal(Harvest),Jalikattu  (Bull Fighting),Chitirai-Madurai,Mahamagam Fest, Mahamagam Fest, Kanthuri Festival,Navaratri,Karthigai Festival

Economy  Size

US$ 167.172 billion,

Tamil Nadu is the most urbanised state in India (49 per cent).

It is the largest producer of Bananas, Turmeric, Flowers and Tapioca.

Dr M.S. Swaminathan, known as the "father of the Indian Green Revolution" was from Tamil Nadu.

Industries

Cotton, Textile, Automobiles, Chemical Fertilizer, Paper  And Paper Products, Railway Wagons Coaches, Army Tanks, Cement, Iron & Steel Computer Peripherals

 Literacy

80.33 %

Districts

32

Sex Ratio (as per  census 2011)

995/ Thousand male

Principal Dances

Bharatnatyam,Kalakshetra,Kollattam,Kummi,Kavadi,Karagams

Tourist & Historical Places

The tourism industry of Tamil Nadu is the largest in India,Marina Beach in Chennai is one of the longest beaches in the world.

The Brihadishwara Temple (Thanjavur), Gangaikonda Cholapuram built by the Cholas,Mahabalipuram (also called Mamallapuram) have been declared as UNESCO World Heritage Sites,Udhagamandalam (Ooty),Nilgiri hills, Palani hills, Cumbum valley and Cardamom hills.

State Density

550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)

Rivers

Palar, Kaveri,Vaigai, Cheyyar, Ponniyar, Meyar

Religion 

(As per Census 2011)

Hinduism (and Dravidian folk religion) (87.58%)

Christianity (6.12%)

Islam (5.86%)

Jainism (0.12%)

Sikhism (0.02%)

Buddhism (0.01%)

Other or not religious (0.3%)

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