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Tamil Nadu at a Glance: The Land of Dravids

18-JAN-2016 17:39

    Tamil Nadu is known for Dravid inhabitant and is literally The Land of Tamils or Tamil Country) is one of the 29 states of India. Its capital and largest city is Chennai (formerly known as Madras). Tamil Nadu, lies in the southernmost part of the Indian Peninsula and is bordered by the union territory of Puducherry and the South Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh. Tamil Nadu is the second largest state economy in India with (US$ 167.172 billion) in Gross Domestic Product.

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    Source: www.goaholidayhomes.com

    Facts about Tamil Nadu:

    Area

    1,30,058 sq.km

    Establishment

    14 Jan. 1969

    Population

    7.21 cr. (2011 census)

    Principal official Language

    Tamil is the official language of the state

    Tamil_89.43 %

    Telugu_5.65 %

    Kannada _ 2.68%

    Urdu_1.51%

    Malayalam_0.89%

    Neighbouring States

    Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Puducherry

    Capital 

    Chennai

     Members of Parliament

    Lok Sabha= 39 ,Rajya Sabha= 18)

    Legislature

    Unicameral (Assembly seats=234)

    Airports

    Meenambakam,, Chennai, Madurai, Tiruchirapalli,, Coimbatore,Salem

     Major Cities

    Chennai, Coimbatore, Madurai, Tiruchirapalli,Thanjavur and Ooty

     Festivals

    Pongal(Harvest),Jalikattu  (Bull Fighting),Chitirai-Madurai,Mahamagam Fest, Mahamagam Fest, Kanthuri Festival,Navaratri,Karthigai Festival

    Economy  Size

    US$ 167.172 billion,

    Tamil Nadu is the most urbanised state in India (49 per cent).

    It is the largest producer of Bananas, Turmeric, Flowers and Tapioca.

    Dr M.S. Swaminathan, known as the "father of the Indian Green Revolution" was from Tamil Nadu.

    Industries

    Cotton, Textile, Automobiles, Chemical Fertilizer, Paper  And Paper Products, Railway Wagons Coaches, Army Tanks, Cement, Iron & Steel Computer Peripherals

     Literacy

    80.33 %

    Districts

    32

    Sex Ratio (as per  census 2011)

    995/ Thousand male

    Principal Dances

    Bharatnatyam,Kalakshetra,Kollattam,Kummi,Kavadi,Karagams

    Tourist & Historical Places

    The tourism industry of Tamil Nadu is the largest in India,Marina Beach in Chennai is one of the longest beaches in the world.

    The Brihadishwara Temple (Thanjavur), Gangaikonda Cholapuram built by the Cholas,Mahabalipuram (also called Mamallapuram) have been declared as UNESCO World Heritage Sites,Udhagamandalam (Ooty),Nilgiri hills, Palani hills, Cumbum valley and Cardamom hills.

    State Density

    550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)

    Rivers

    Palar, Kaveri,Vaigai, Cheyyar, Ponniyar, Meyar

    Religion 

    (As per Census 2011)

    Hinduism (and Dravidian folk religion) (87.58%)

    Christianity (6.12%)

    Islam (5.86%)

    Jainism (0.12%)

    Sikhism (0.02%)

    Buddhism (0.01%)

    Other or not religious (0.3%)

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