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Do you know about the world’s oldest functional dam

19-MAR-2018 18:17
    Do you know about the world’s oldest functional dam

    Early dams were built to form reservoirs or tanks for extensive irrigation works. It is one of the engineering wonders of the ancient world. In the modern world, dams are constructed for the multipurpose use such as for electricity generation, water supply for domestic and industrial uses, flood control, recreation, inland navigation, fish breeding etc. The Egyptians were the first who constructed the dam and the Romans were the second to build arch dams. The world’s oldest functional dam with their date of construction, who constructed it and the location are given below:

    1. Lake Homs Dam

    Date of Construction: Between 1319-1304 BC

    Constructed by: Egyptian ruler Sethi

    Location: Syria

    2. Proserpina Dam

    Date of Construction: 1st or 2nd Century

    Constructed by: Roman Empire

    Location: Spain

    3. Cornalvo Dam

    Date of Construction: 1st or 2nd Century

    Constructed by: Roman Empire

    Location: Spain

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    4. Kallanai Dam or Grand Anicut

    Date of Construction: 2nd Century AD

    Constructed by: Chola king Karikalan

    Location: India

    5. Kaerumataike Dam

    Date of Construction: 162 AD

    Constructed by: Not mentioned

    Location: Japan

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    6. Sayamaike Dam

    Date of Construction: 7th Century AD

    Constructed by: Samurai in the Edo period.

    Location: Japan

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    7. Manoike Dam

    Date of Construction: Between 701-704 AD

    Constructed by: Michimori Ason, the lord of Sanuki Province

    Location: Japan

    8. Sadd-e Kobar Dam

    Date of Construction: 10th Century AD

    Constructed by: Not mentioned

    Location: Iran

    9. Moti Talab Dam

    Date of Construction: 12th Century AD

    Constructed by: Sri Asuri Ramanujacharya, a Sri Vaishnava Saint

    Location: India

    10. Almansa Dam

    Date of Construction: 16th Century AD

    Constructed by: Not mentioned

    Location: Spain

    The construction of dams gained popularity in the 19th and 20th century. With the tens of thousands of existing large dams throughout the world and the ever-increasing demand for water and power, dams will continue to make a significant impact on modern day life.

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