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CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus 2018 – 2019

Apr 3, 2018 13:57 IST
    CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus 2018 – 2019
    CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus 2018 – 2019

    CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus for the new academic session 2018 – 2019 is available here. It contains the list of topics and subtopics to be covered in the course of study. To score well in Class 11 Chemistry exams it is important that student should follow this syllabus.

    This syllabus provides complete details related to

    • Units (and their weightage in Chemistry Board Exam)

    • Details of topics and sub-topics to be covered in each unit

    • Syllabus and Evaluation Scheme of Practicals

    • Project (A few suggested Projects)

    • Prescribed books

    Complete CBSE Class 11 Chemistry syllabus is given below:

    Unit No.

    Title

    Marks

    Unit I

    Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

    08

    Unit II

    Structure of Atom

    Unit III

    Classification of Elements & Periodicity in Properties

    04

    Unit IV

    Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

    20

    Unit V

    States of Matter: Gases and Liquids

    Unit VI

    Chemical Thermodynamics

    Unit VII

    Equilibrium

    Unit VIII

    Redox Reactions

    20

    Unit IX

    Hydrogen

    Unit X

    s-Block Elements

    Unit XI

    p-Block Elements

    Unit XII

    Organic Chemistry: Basic Principles & Techniques

    18

    Unit XIII

    Hydrocarbons

    Unit XIV

    Environmental Chemistry


    Total

    70

    Details of topics and sub-topics to be covered in each unit

    Unit I: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

    General Introduction: Importance and scope of chemistry.

    Nature of matter, laws of chemical combination, Dalton's atomic theory: concept of elements, atoms and molecules.

    Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept and molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formula, chemical reactions, stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry.

    CBSE Solved Paper for Class 11 Chemistry Exam

    Unit II: Structure of Atom

    Bohr's model and its limitations, concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light, de Broglie's relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, concept of orbitals, quantum numbers, shapes of s, p and d orbitals, rules for filling electrons in orbitals - Aufbau principle, Pauli's exclusion principle and Hund's rule, electronic configuration of atoms, stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals.

    Unit III: Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

    Modern periodic law and the present form of periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements -atomic radii, ionic radii, inert gas radii, Ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, valency. Nomenclature of elements with atomic number greater than 100.

    Unit IV: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

    Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, covalent character of ionic bond, valence bond theory, resonance, geometry of covalent molecules, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization, involving s, p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules(qualitative idea only), hydrogen bond.

    Unit V: States of Matter: Gases and Liquids

    Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points, role of gas laws in elucidating the concept of the molecule, Boyle's law, Charles law, Gay Lussac's law, Avogadro's law, ideal behaviour, empirical derivation of gas equation, Avogadro's number, ideal gas equation. Deviation from ideal behaviour, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature, kinetic energy and molecular speeds (elementary idea)

    Liquid State: vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea only, no mathematical derivations)

    Solid state: Classification of solids based on different binding forces: molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea). Unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties.

    Unit VI: Chemical Thermodynamics

    Concepts of System and types of systems, surroundings, work, heat, energy, extensive and intensive properties, state functions. First law of thermodynamics -internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, measurement of AU and AH, Hess's law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization, solution and dilution. Second law of
    Thermodynamics (brief introduction). Introduction of entropy as a state function, Gibb's energy change for spontaneous and non- spontaneous processes, criteria for equilibrium.
    Third law of thermodynamics (brief introduction).

    Unit VII: Equilibrium

    Equilibrium  in physicalandchemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of massaction, equilibriumconstant,factors affecting equilibrium-Le Chatelier's principle,ionicequilibrium-ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, ionization of poly basic acids, acid strength, concept of pH, Henderson Equation, hydrolysis of salts (elementary  idea), buffer solution, solubility product, common ion effect (with illustrative examples).

    Unit VIII: Redox Reaction

    Concept of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, balancing redox reactions, in terms of loss and gain of electrons and change in oxidation number, applications of redox reactions.

    Unit IX: Hydrogen

    Position of hydrogen in periodic table, occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen, hydrides-ionic, covalent and interstitial; physical and chemical properties of water, heavy water, hydrogen peroxide -preparation, reactions and structure and use; hydrogen as a fuel.

    Unit X: s -Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals)

    Group 1 and Group 2 ElementsGeneral introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalousproperties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationship, trends in the variation of properties (such asionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii), trends in chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens, uses. Preparationand Properties of Some Important Compounds: Sodium Carbonate, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Hydroxide and Sodium Hydrogencarbonate, Biological importance of Sodium and Potassium. Calcium Oxide and Calcium Carbonate and their industrial uses, biological importance of Magnesium and Calcium

    Unit XI: Some p -Block Elements

    General Introduction to p -Block Elements
    Group 13 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of first element of the group, Boron - physical and chemical properties, some important compounds, Borax, Boric acid, Boron Hydrides, Aluminium: Reactions with acids and alkalies, uses.

    Group 14 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behaviour of first elements. Carbon-catenation, allotropic forms, physical and chemical properties; uses of some important compounds: oxides. Important compounds of Silicon and a few uses: Silicon Tetrachloride, Silicones, Silicates and Zeolites, their uses.

    Group -15 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; Nitrogen preparation properties and uses; compounds of Nitrogen, preparation and properties of Ammonia and Nitric Acid, Oxides of Nitrogen(Structure only) ; Phosphorus - allotropic forms, compounds of Phosphorus: Preparation and Properties of Phosphine, Halides and Oxoacids (elementary idea only).

    Unit XII: Organic Chemistry - Some Basic Principles and Technique

    General introduction, methods of purification, qualitative and quantitative analysis, classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds. Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyper conjugation. Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: free radicals, carbocations, carbanions, electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions.

    Unit XIII: Hydrocarbons

    Classification of Hydrocarbons

    Aliphatic Hydrocarbons: Alkanes - Nomenclature, isomerism, conformation (ethane only), physical properties, chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation, combustion and pyrolysis.

    Alkenes - Nomenclature, structure of double bond (ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markownikov's addition and peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition.

    Alkynes - Nomenclature, structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of - hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides and water.

    Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature, benzene: resonance, aromaticity, chemical properties: mechanism of electrophilic substitution. nitration, sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Craft's alkylation and acylation, directive influence of functional group in monosubstituted benzene. Carcinogenicity and toxicity.

    Unit XIV: Environmental Chemistry

    Environmental pollution - air, water and soil pollution, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smog, major atmospheric pollutants, acid rain, ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, greenhouse effect and global warming- pollution due to industrial wastes, green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategies for control of environmental pollution.

    Practicals: Evaluation Scheme and Syllabus

    Volumetric Analysis

    08

    Salt Analysis

    08

    Content Based Experiment

    06

    Project Work

    04

    Class record and Viva

    04

    Total

    30 Marks

    Syllabus

    Micro-chemical methods are available for several of the practical experiments.  Wherever possible, such techniques should be used.

    A. Basic Laboratory Techniques

    1. Cutting glass tube and glass rod

    2. Bending a glass tube

    3. Drawing out a glass jet

    4. Boring a cork

    B. Characterization and Purification of chemical Substances

    1. Determination of melting point of an organic compound.

    2. Determination of boiling point of an organic compound.

    3. Crystallization of impure sample of any one of the following: Alum, Copper Sulphate, Benzoic Acid.

    C. Experiments based on pH

    (a) Any one of the following experiments:

    • Determination of pH of some solutions obtained from fruit juices, solution of known and varied concentrations of acids, bases and salts using pH paper or universal indicator.

    • Comparing the pH of solutions of strong and weak acids of same concentration.

    • Study the pH change in the titration of a strong base using universal indicator.

    (b) Study the pH change by common-ion In case of weak acids and weak bases.

    D. Chemical Equilibrium

    One of the following experiments:

    a) Study the shift in equilibrium between ferric ions and thiocyanate ions by increasing/decreasing the concentration of either of the ions.

    b) Study the shift in equilibrium between [Co(H2O)6]2+ and chloride ions by changing the concentration of either of the ions.

    E. Quantitative Estimation

    i) Using a chemical balance.

    ii) Preparation of standard solution of Oxalic acid.

    iii) Determination of strength of a given solution of Sodium Hydroxide by titrating it against standard solution of Oxalic acid.

    iv) Preparation of standard solution of Sodium Carbonate.

    v) Determination of strength of a given solution of Hydrochloric acid by titrating it against standard Sodium Carbonate solution.

    F. Qualitative Analysis

    (a) Determination of one anion and one cation in a given salt

    Cations  –  Pb+,  Cu2+,  Al3+, Fe3+, Mn2+, Ni2+, Zn2+, Co2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, NH4+

    Anions – CO32‒, S2‒, SO32‒, SO42‒, NO2, Cl, Br , I, PO43‒, C2O­42‒, CH3COO

    (Note: Insoluble salts excluded)

    (b) Detection of -Nitrogen, Sulphur, chlorine in organic compounds.

    Project

    Scientific investigations involving laboratory testing and collecting information from other sources.

    A few suggested Projects

    • Checking the bacterial contamination in drinking water by testing sulphide ion.

    • Study of the methods of purification of water.

    • Testing the hardness, presence of Iron, fluoride, Chloride, etc., depending upon the regional variation in drinking water and study of causes of presence of these ions above permissible limit (if any).

    • Investigation of the foaming capacity of different washing soaps and the effect of addition of Sodium Carbonate on it.

    • Study the acidity of different samples of tea Leaves.

    • Determination of the rate of evaporation of different Liquids.

    • Study the effect of acids and bases on the tensile strength of fibers.

    • Study of acidity of fruit and vegetable juices.

    Note: Any other investigatory project, which involves about 10 periods of work, can be chosen with the approval of the teacher.

    Prescribed books

    1. Chemistry Part-I, Class-XI, Published by NCERT

    2. Chemistry Part-II, Class-XI, Published by NCERT

    For more details,

    Download CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus 2018 – 2019

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