IAS Prelims 2014 exam is going to be conducted on 24 August 2014 after the notification for the exam by the Union Public Service Commission. The IAS Preliminary exam consists of two papers: General Studies Paper I and General Studies Paper II. World Geography forms a very essential part of the Civil Services Prelims exam. The Syllabus of the IAS Prelims exam clearly mentions World Geography as one of its components.
The trend of the exam has depicted that World Geography section is of immense importance to the candidates. Approximately 5-6 questions are asked almost every year from this section which makes it an indispensable part of the exam preparation. Studying World Geography is important for the candidates preparing for Civil Services because they need to know the “what and “where” of the world.
World Geography gives us knowledge of the various geographical phenomena of the earth, including those related to atmosphere, land and water. It is important to understand these phenomena if we want to understand how these impact our country and our people. For example, many world phenomena like El Nino and La Nina can have a major effect on Indian climate. Another such phenomenon is the Western Disturbances that affect the winter weather of the Northern part of the country.
It is also important to understand World geography in order to understand the Geo-politics and Geo-economics of India and the world. This means how the geographical location of a country affects its economic and political inter-play with the other countries.
The knowledge of the World resources, Industries and their distribution is also very important for a Civil Servant. It helps to formulate policies of the country keeping in mind how they are affected by the world resources. Also, it is important to have a thorough knowledge of the Geography of world in order to perform well at the Diplomatic level (in case you join Indian Foreign Services).
Some previous years’ questions are given below:
Q. Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched?
Geographical Region Feature
(a) Abyssinian Plateau : Arabia
(b) Atlas Mountains : North-Western Africa
(c) Guiana Highlands : South-Western Africa
(d) Okavango Basin : Patagonia
Q. The annual range of temperature in the interior of the continents is high as compared to coastal areas. What is / are the reason / reasons?
1. Thermal difference between land and water
2. Variation in altitude between continents and ocean
3. Presence of strong winds in the interior
4. Heavy rains in the interior as compared to coasts
Select the correct Answer using the codes given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
Q. Normally, the temperature decreases with the increase in height from the Earth's surface, because
1. the atmosphere can be heated upwards only from the Earth's surface
2. there is more moisture in the upper atmosphere
3. the air is less dense in the upper atmosphere
Select the correct Answer using the codes given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Q. Westerlies in southern hemisphere are stronger and persistent than in northern hemisphere. Why?
1. Southern hemisphere has less landmass as compared to northern hemisphere
2. Coriolis force is higher in southern hemisphere, as compared to northern hemisphere
Which of the statements given above isl are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2