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NDA & NA (II) 2017 Exam: English Mock Test - 01

Sep 7, 2017 11:39 IST
     NDA & NA (II) 2017 Exam: English Mock Test - 01
    NDA & NA (II) 2017 Exam: English Mock Test - 01

    For the benefit of NDA & NA (II) 2017 Exam aspirants, Jagran Josh is providing English Mock Test. The answers along with detailed explanations will help the aspirants in rectifying their mistakes in solving the question paper.
                                                                                       SYNONYMS
    Directions for the following 10 (ten) items:

    Each of the questions given below consists of a word printed boldly, followed by four words or phrases numbered (a) to (d). Choose the numbered word or phrase which is most nearly similar in meaning to the word printed boldly.

    1. HIRSUTE

    a) damp
    b) bearded    
    c) humorous
    d) formerly

    2. PANACE

    a) pancake
    b) praise
    c) inactivity
    d) cure–all

    3. CELIBATE

    a) single
    b) double
    c) married
    d) bald

    4.  CHASTEN

    a) discipline
    b) pursue
    c) sanctify
    d) stop

    5.  MERETRICIOUS

    a) conspicuous
    b) blonde
    c) tawdry
    d)  angry

    6. REQUIEM

    a) recess
    b) assignment
    c)  profanity
    d) dirge

    7.  EFFIGY

    a) proxy
    b) profundity
    c) boldness
    d) dummy

    8.  BLISSFULLY

    a) maudlin
    b) dour
    c) beatific
    d) moot

    9.  HOMOGENEOUS

    a) heterogeneous
    b) motley
    c) scrambled
    d) similar

    10. RESURRECTION

    a) death
    b) life-less
    c)  abandoned
    d) comeback
                                                                                                     ANTONYMS

    Directions for the following 10 (ten) items:

    Find suitable antonym for the word underlined in the question from the given four options. If more than one option seems suitable mark the most appropriate one.

    11. The officer asked the clerk to expedite the matter.

    (a) postpone
    (b) defer
    (c) adjourn
    (d) delay

    12. It was done in a haphazard manner.

    (a) planned
    (b) excellent
    (c) disappointment
    (d) despair

    13. The result of the tournament gave them a sense of elation.

    (a) despondency
    (b) misery
    (c) disappointment
    (d) despair

    14. The members thought that the task was feasible.

    (a) impractical
    (b) impossible
    (c) difficult
    (d) impracticable

    15. You can hardly find any trace of humility in the man.

    (a) pride
    (b) insolence
    (c) arrogance
    (d) conceit

    16. He is the most prudent person I have ever come across.

    (a) short sighted
    (b) reckless
    (c) inconsiderate
    (d) injudicious

    17. The atmosphere in the institute he had newly joined was congenial to research.

    (a) disagreeable for
    (b) inconvenient for
    (c) unpleasant for
    (d) unsuitable for

    18. I was surprised at his stiff attitude.

    (a) courteous
    (b) flexible
    (c) soft
    (d) lively

    19. Because of the economy drive, they very unwillingly surrendered some superfluous posts.

    (a) important
    (b) relevant
    (c) significant
    (d) essential

    20. I abhor the ideas he sometimes expresses.

    (a) admire
    (b) respect
    (c) applaud
    (d) appreciate

                                                                                                 COMPREHENSION
    Directions for the following 10 (ten) items:

    Read the three passages given below and answer the items that follow. You are required to select your answers based on the contents of the passage and opinion of the author only.
                                                                                                      Passage -1
    There is no general agreement about how the planets were formed. The most widely accepted theory is that about 5000 million years ago swirling clouds of matter began to condense.

    Through the action of centrifugal force, the heavier molecules were concentrated near the centre of the eddies, and the lighter, gaseous material was thrown out towards the priphery. Such is the theory. What is known is that nine satellites began orbiting round the sun.

    These are the planets. The planet on which man lives is the third closest to the sun, with the third shortest orbit. It also has been something none of the others has - an atmosphere that can support life  in all the manifold forms exist on our planet. There may be satellites circling other stars in other parts of the universe that have the right ingredients for some sort of life to evolve, but the earth is the only one in the solar system.

    21. The theory of the formation of the planets.

    (a) is generally agreed upon by everyone
    (c) covers a very wide area
    (d) it is fairly well-known

    22. According to the passage, the planets are

    (a) nothing but condensed clouds
    (b) a collection of gaseous material
    (c) a collection of condensed swirling material
    (d) a collection of centrifugal forces

    23. One essential difference between the earth and the

    (a)the atmosphere of the earth makes possible the presence of life on it
    (b) the earth draws the heavier molecules into its centre through the action of centrifugal force
    (c) only the earth is on the periphery of the solar system
    (d) the earth has the capacity to come into closer contact with the sun

    24. The writer claims that the life-supporting atmosphere

    (a) is there on other planets in the solar system
    (b) may be there on other satellites in the universe
    (c) may evolve on other satellites circling other stars in the universe
    (d) cannot evolve anywhere outside the earth
                                                                                            Passage-2
    We had just passed Tenali, where I roused myself in order to hear the name of the station. As I was falling asleep again, a violent jolt shot me into the arms of somebody in the seat opposite. The engine with one wheel broken was lying across the track and beside it was the luggage van, likewise, derailed. Groaning, wheezing, gasping, sputtering in its death agony, the engine was like a fallen horse which, snorting, trembling in every limb, its flanks heaving, its chest laboring, seems incapable of making the smallest effort to struggle on to its legs again.

    25. The author had roused himself as he wanted to

    (a) get off
    (b) meet someone
    (c) know the name of the station
    (d) keep himself awake

    26. The engine stopped because

    (a) the driver had stopped it
    (b) one of the wheels was broken
    (c) there was a…
    (d) there was no fuel

    27. The engine is compared to a fallen horse because

    (a) it was groaning like a horse
    (b) it was lying across the track
    (c) it could make no effort to stand upright
    (d) it had a broken wheel
                                                                              Passage – 3
    I was beginning to tire a little now. I had been cutting steps continuously for two hours, and Tenzing, too, was moving very slowly. As I chipped steps around still another corner, I wondered rather dully just how long we could keep it up. Our original zest had now quite gone and it was turning more into a grim struggle. I then realized that the ridge ahead, instead of still monotonously rising, now dropped sharply away, and far below I could see the North Col and Rongbuk glacier. I looked upwards to see a narrow ridge running up to a snowy summit. A few more whacks of the ice-axe in the firm snow and we stood on top.

    28. Which of the following is the most appropriate description of the area in which the narrator had been moving?

    (a) A steep rocky slope
    (b) A peak with a flight of steps
    (c) A high peak covered with snow
    (d) A long ridge

    29. ‘I had been cutting steps continuously for two hours’ suggests that

    (a) the climber was unskilled in the art of making steps
    (b) he had to cut the steps out of snow before climbing up which was necessarily a slow process
    (c) the slowness was caused by the fact that as soon as he cut the steps they were again covered with snow
    (d) he had to work suspended from a ledge

    30. ‘It was turning more into a grim struggle’ would mean

    (a) that after the long exertion he was feeling so weak that any further climbing meant a hard struggle with the forces of nature
    (b) that Tenzing was making the task more difficult
    (c) that strong cold wind was pushing him down from above and that he had to struggle with the forces of nature
    (d) that he was in a mood to give up ultimately

                                                                       SELECTING WORDS
    Directions for the following 10 (ten) items:

    Each of the following items in this section has a sentence with a blank space and four words or groups of words given after the sentence. Select whichever word or group of words you consider most appropriate for the blank space and indicate your response on the Answer Sheet accordingly.

    31. ...........from the campaigns have been used to buy medical supplies, food and educational materials.

    (a) Revenue
    (b) Profit
    (c) Proceed
    (d) Proceeds

    32. When I joined the flying club, my instructor gave me the first lecture on the .............. of flying.

    (a) foundations
    (b) basics
    (c) need
    (d) theory

    33. You must .............. your house in order before you venture to offer advice to others.

    (a) arrange
    (b) bring
    (c) set
    (d) organise

    34. Fact is often stranger than .........

    (a) fancy
    (b) fiction
    (c) imagination
    (d) dream

    35. It is becoming increasing difficult for a housewife to pick up a genuine article from the crowd of the ............... ones in a store.

    (a) fake
    (b) duplicate
    (c) counterfeit
    (d) spurious

    36. His rustic and robust humour was an embarrassment to the ............... sensibility of the young ladies.

    (a) fragile
    (b) delicate
    (c) soft
    (d) sober

    37. His teacher said that his comment on his performance was not to demoralize him but to ............... him to

    (a) encourage
    (b) persuade
    (c) instruct
    (d) goad

    38. Diseases are easily .............. through contact with infected animals.

    (a) transferred
    (b) transported
    (c) transferring
    (d) transplanted

    39. A number of scientists in the country think that they are on the .............. of a major breakthrough.

    (a) periphery
    (b) threshold
    (c) gateway
    (d) frontier

    40. Once he has signed the agreement, he won’t be able to ...............

    (a) back up
    (b) back in
    (c) back at
    (d) back out

                                                                             SENTENCE IMPROVEMENT
    Directions for the following 10 (ten) items:

    In this section, look at the underlined part of each sentence. Below each sentence are given three possible substitutions for the underlined part. If one of them (a), (b) or (c) is better than the underlined part, indicate your response on the Answer Sheet against the corresponding letter (a), (b) or (c). If none of the substitutions improves the sentence, indicate (d) as your response on the Answer Sheet. Thus a ‘No improvement’ response will be signified by the letter (d).

    41. I am sure you may be a good cricketer if you had not wasted your time on trifles.

    (a) must be
    (b) will be
    (c) would have been
    (d) No improvement

    42. It is better to love and lose than not to have loved at

    (a) be loved and lost
    (b) have loved and lost
    (c) have been loved and lost
    (d) No improvement

    43. We have received no message from our friend since he had gone to london.

    (a) had been gone to London
    (b) has gone to London
    (c) went to London
    (d) No improvement

    44. If they were knowing about the crab, they would not have decided to picnic there.

    (a) had known
    (b) knew
    (c) did know
    (d) No improvement

    45. They have not spoken to each other since they

    (a) because
    (b) for
    (c) ever since
    (d) No improvement

    46. Eggs are usually sold in the dozen.

    (a) by the dozen
    (b) by dozen
    (c) in dozen
    (d) No improvement

    47. I will tell you if and when it will be completed.

    (a) it would be completed
    (b) it will be completed
    (c) it is completed
    (d) No improvement

    48. I have great pleasure in seeing you this morning.

    (a) to see
    (b) on seeing
    (c) for seeing
    (d) No improvement

    49. If you were the Prime Minister of India, what steps would you have taken to end unemployment?

    (a) will you take
    (b) will you be taking
    (c) would you take
    (d) No improvement

    50. Never use a metaphor, simile, or other figure of speech which you are used to see in print.

    (a) used to see printed
    (b) used to seeing in print
    (c) used to in print
    (d) No improvement

                                                                                    Answers with Explanations
    1. (b) bearded

    The meaning for the word ‘hirsute’ means hairy. Hence, the option ‘bearded’ is correct.

    2. (d) cure-all

    Panacea means a solution or remedy for all difficulties or diseases. Panace is an archaic form of pancea.

    3. (a) single

    The dictionary meaning of word celibate is - abstaining from marriage and sexual relations, typically for religious reasons. Hence the correct option is – single.

    4. (a) discipline

    The meaning for the word chasten is having a restraining or moderating effect on something. Hence the correct option is discipline.

    5. (c) tawdry

    The meaning of meretricious is - apparently attractive but having no real value. And, the meaning of tawdry is - showy but cheap and of poor quality.

    6. (d) dirge

    Requiem means a mass for the repose of the souls of the dead. Dirge has similar meaning. It means a lament for the dead, especially one forming part of a funeral rite.

    7. (d) dummy

    Effigy means a sculpture or model of a person. Dummy means a model or replica of a human being.

    8. (c) beatific

    Beatific means feeling or expressing blissful happiness.

    9. (d) similar

    Homogeneous means similar. And, heterogeneous means different things or ideas.

    10. (d) comeback

    In the religious sense, resurrection means the revitalization or revival of something.

    11. (b) defer

    ‘Expedite’ means “to get something done quickly”. For matter ‘postpone’ cannot be used. Similarly ‘adjourn’ is used for meeting or session. So ‘Defer’ which means ‘to postpone’ can be used for matter.

    12. (a) planned

    ‘Haphazard’ means ‘unsystematic’ and ‘no planned’.

    13. (a) despondency

    ‘Elation’ means bodily expression of joy and ‘despondency’ means “bodily expression of disappointment”.

    14. (d) impracticable

    ‘Practical’ means ‘that can be put into practice’. Practicable means ‘that can be practised’. ‘Feasible’ also means ‘possible’ but for ‘a task’ impossible cannot be used.

    15. (c) arrogance

    Antonym of ‘humble’ is ‘proud’ and pride, conceit and arrogance means proud. ‘Conceit’ is pride based on false notions. ‘arrogance’ means pride which makes a person self-cantered. So this is nearest.

    16. (d) injudicious

    ‘Prudent’ and ‘Judicious’ mean wise. ‘Reckless’ means ‘rash’ and ‘inconsiderate’ means a person who does not show any concern for anyone.

    17. (d) unsuitable for

    ‘Congenial’ means ‘favourable’. So most appropriate will be ‘unsuitable’. Disagreeable is not a correct word for atmosphere.

    18. (c) soft

    ‘stiff’ means ‘harsh’. so ‘soft’ is a correct antonym.

    19. (d) essential

    ‘Superfluous’ means ‘not essential’ so ‘essential’ is correct antonym.

    20. (a) admire

    ‘Abhor’ is to ‘hate’ and ‘admire’ is to ‘praise’ & ‘Applaud’ means to praise by clapping etc. And ‘appreciate’ means to recognize value.

    21. (d) it is fairly well-known

    Can be derived from “The most widely theory”.

    22. (c) a collection of condensed swirling material

    ‘Swirling clouds of matter began to condense’.

    23. (a) the atmosphere of the earth makes possible the presence of life on it

    Refer ‘to the atmosphere that supported life on

    24. (b) may be there on other satellites in the universe

    “There may be satellites circling other planets”.

    25. (a) the sun

     “What is known is orbiting round the sun.

    25. (c) know the name of the station

    26.(b) one of the wheels was broken

    27. (c) it could make no effort to stand upright

    28. (c) A high peak covered with snow

    29. (b) he had to cut the steps out of snow before climbing up which was necessarily a slow process

    30. (a) that after the long exertion he was feeling so weak that any further climbing meant  a hard struggle with the forces of nature    

    31. (d) proceeds

    ‘Proceeds’ means whatever is collected through campaigns.

    32. (b) basics

    ‘Basics’ means fundamentals.

    33. (c) set

    We can set house in order; we can neither arrange not manage.

    34. (b) fiction

    Antonym of ‘fact’ is ‘fiction’ and an antonym is needed in the blank.

    35. (a) fake

    ‘Fake’ is used for all goods but ‘counterfeit’ is used generally for coins, ‘spurious’ for drugs or liquor and ‘duplicate’ is not correct antonym of genuine.

    36. (b) delicate

    For ‘fancy’ word ‘delicate’ can be used ‘fragile’ means ‘easily breakable’ and ‘sober’ means ‘serious’ (person) so these are incorrect.

    37. (d) goad

    ‘good’ means to ‘motivate’ so for comment good is the best choice.

    38. (c) trasferring

    ‘Transmit’ to be carried from one person to the other.

    39. (b) threshold

    ‘Threshold’ means on the verge of ‘Periphery’ is wrong because it means outer-circle.

    40. (d) back out

    ‘Back out’ means to go against the promise.

    41. (c) would have been

    It is a conditional sentence. In the ‘if clause’, ‘if had’ is used so in the other it should be ‘would’ have been.

    42. (c) have been loved and lost

    Completed action demands “have loved and lost”.

    43. (b) has gone to London

    Completed action so it should be “has gone”.

    44. (a) had known

    Again conditional sentence so it should be “if they had known”.

    45. (c) ever since

    ‘ever since’ gives the complete idea i.e. from the

    46. (a) by the dozen

    For measuring use “by the”.

    47. (c) it is completed

    Double ‘will’ are not to be used.

    48. (d) No improvement

    It is correct to say “pleasure in”.

    49. (c) would you take

    It should be “would you take” because it is in notional future.

    50. (b) used to seeing in print

    “are used to” means “accustomed to” so should be followed by a gerund.

    NDA & NA (II) 2017 Exam: GK-Physics Practice Questions

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    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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