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Afghanistan celebrated 95th Independence Day

Aug 22, 2014 18:54 IST

Afghanistan celebrated its 95th Independence Day on 19 August 2014. It is celebrated to mark the signing of the 1919 Anglo-Afghan treaty, which gave the country complete independence from British Empire.

The Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi on this eve greeted Afghanistan’s President Hamid Karzai on behalf the Government and people of India.

About Afghanistan’s Independence

Since the ancient times, a numerous rulers invaded the Afghanistan which includes Alexander the great, Mongol rulers and Turkish Empire.

However, Ahmad Shah Durrani in the eighteenth century annexed many of the neighboring territories and made Kandahar its capital.

Afghanistan was never under complete control of the British Empire but The British fought three wars with Afghanistan to invade it. These wars are called as
Anglo-Afghan wars.

  • First Anglo-Afghan war was held during the period 1839 to 1842 and British led Indian invaders were defeated by the Akbar Khan's Afghan forces.
  • Second Anglo-Afghan War, British was defeated first and tasted victory over Afghan at Battle of Kandahar and made Abdur Rahman Khan as emir to have friendly Anglo-Afghan relations. The British were given control of Afghanistan's foreign affairs in exchange for protection against the Russians and Persians. This war was in 1878
  • Third Anglo-Afghan War: British gave up the Afghan’s foreign affairs which led to Anglo-Afghan Treaty of 1919, which is also called Treaty of Rawalpindi, in which it was agreed that British-India would never extend past the Khyber Pass, and stopped British subsidies to Afghanistan.

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Quick Digest

Who: Afghanistan

Where: Kabul

What: celebrated 95th Independence Day

When: 19 August 2014

Is this article important for exams ? Yes41 People Agreed

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