The biggest X-ray laser gun on earth named, European X-ray Free Electron Laser (XFEL), will begin operating in September 2017.
The European XFEL will shoot 27000 laser pulses per second, 200 times more per second than the next highest-performing gun in California.
The 1.5 billion-euro laser replaces its predecessor, FLASH, in Germany.
About European X-ray Free Electron Laser
• The European X-Ray Free Electron Laser is an X-ray research laser facility currently in commissioning.
• The first laser pulses were produced in May 2017.
• The international project has 11 participating countries. They are Denmark, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland.
• It is located in the German federal states of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein.
• A free-electron laser generates high-intensity electromagnetic radiation by accelerating electrons to relativistic speeds and directing them through special magnetic structures. The European XFEL is constructed such that the electrons produce x-ray light in synchronisation, resulting in high-intensity x-ray pulses with the properties of laser light and at intensities much brighter than those produced by conventional synchrotron light sources.
• The German Federal Ministry of Education and Research granted permission to build the facility on 5 June 2007 at a cost of 850 million Euro, under the provision that it should be financed as a European project.
• The facility is built and operated by the European XFEL GmbH.
• Civil construction of the facility began on 8 January 2009.
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