Current Affairs in Short: 6 August 2018
China has announced that it has successfully tested its first cutting-edge hypersonic aircraft, which could carry nuclear warheads and penetrate any current generation anti-missile defence systems.
Government introduces bill in LS to amend Juvenile Justice Act
• The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Bill, 2018, which seeks to empower district magistrates to pass orders for adoption of children to reduce the time taken for issuing such directions, was introduced in the Lok Sabha on August 6, 2018.
• As of July 20 this year, as many as 629 cases relating to passing of adoption orders are pending in various courts.
• The bill seeks to amend the Juvenile Justice Act to empower district magistrates to issue orders for the purpose of adoption.
• This would ensure timely processing of adoption cases and provide orphaned, abandoned and surrendered children with familial care and protection.
Japan marks 73rd anniversary of atomic bombing of Hiroshima
• Japan marked the 73rd anniversary of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima on August 6, 2018.
• Tens of thousands of people gathered to honour the victims at an annual memorial ceremony held in the city. They included representatives from 85 countries, as well as survivors of the bombing.
• A minute of silence was observed at 8:15 AM local time, the exact time the bomb was dropped by the US on August 6, 1945.
• A ceremony was held at the Peace Memorial Park, where Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said that Japan's responsibility is to bridge the gap between nuclear and non-nuclear nations.
• Japan suffered two nuclear attacks by the United States at the end of World War II, first in Hiroshima on August 6, 1945 and then in Nagasaki three days later. The bombings claimed 1 Lakh 40 thousand lives in Hiroshima and 74 thousand in Nagasaki.
OBC Bill to be moved in Rajya Sabha
• The Constitution (123rd Amendment) Bill or the OBC Bill is scheduled for consideration and passing in the Rajya Sabha on August 6, 2018.
• Social Justice and Empowerment Minister Thaawarchand Gehlot will move the bill to grant constitutional status to the National Commission for Backward Classes. The bill was passed by the Lok Sabha last week.
• The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2018 and the Homoeopathy Central Council (Amendment) Bill, 2018 are also scheduled to be come up for consideration and passing in the House.
International Conference on Sustainable Growth through Material Recycling inaugurated
• NITI Aayog’s International Conference on “Sustainable Growth through Material Recycling: Policy Prescriptions” was inaugurated by the Union Minister of Road Transport, Highways & Ganga Rejuvenation, Nitin Gadkari at Pravasi Bharatiya Kendra in New Delhi on August 6, 2018.
• The conference witnessed participation from NITI Aayog’s Vice Chairman Rajiv Kumar, CEO Amitabh Kant and renowned experts from all over the world in material recycling.
• The day-long conference brings together a host of experts for identifying policy prescriptions for the development and growth of material recycling in India towards creating more jobs, reduce dependence on exports, protect the environment and take steps towards adopting circular economy concepts.
South Sudan's warring leaders sign peace deal to share power
• South Sudan's President Salva Kiir and rebel opposition leader Riek Machar have signed a peace deal to share power in a transitional government, ending a five-year civil war.
• Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir attended the signing ceremony Sunday in Sudan's capital, Khartoum. Several African leaders also witnessed the signing including the presidents of Uganda, Kenya and Djibouti.
• The deal says that Kiir will head the government during the transitional period and Machar will return as First Vice President.
• A similar arrangement fell apart in July 2016 when fighting erupted in the capital, Juba and Machar fled the country.
• South Sudan's civil war erupted in December 2013 between supporters of Kiir and his then-deputy Machar. Tens of thousands have died in the war.
SC expresses displeasure over non-appointment of board of visitors for jails by states
• The Supreme Court has expressed its displeasure that several states have not yet appointed the board of visitors who regularly inspect prisons to ensure that they are being run in accordance with rules.
• While terming the appointment of board of visitors "an absolute necessity", a bench comprising Justices Madan B Lokur and Deepak Gupta wondered as to why states were not following the model prison manual which was prepared by the Ministry of Home Affairs.
• The bench was informed by advocate Gaurav Agrawal, who is assisting the court as an amicus curiae in the prison reforms matter, that several states have not yet appointed board of visitors and even in Delhi's Tihar jail, the appointment of the board has not been notified.
China successfully tests first hypersonic aircraft
• China on August 6, 2018 announced that it has successfully tested its first cutting-edge hypersonic aircraft, which could carry nuclear warheads and penetrate any current generation anti-missile defence systems.
• The Xingkong-2 or Starry Sky-2, was launched in a target range located in Northwest China on August 3.
• Launched in a rocket, China's waverider was released in the air after about 10 minutes. It flew independently, made large-angle turning maneuvers, and landed in the targeted area as planned.
• The hypersonic aircraft was designed by the CAAA in collaboration with the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation.
• The United States and Russia have been carrying out similar experiments.
Rajasthan Info Commission asks courts to reduce RTI application fee
• Citing an order of the Supreme Court, the Rajasthan Information Commission has asked all courts in the state, including the High Court to reduce RTI application fee.
• Disposing of an appeal of Anndaram Chaudhary, a resident of Merta City, the Commission in its order given last week, the copy of which was made available today, has expected from the Rajasthan High Court administration that it will reduce the Right to Information (RTI) application fee considering the apex court's decision.
• Chaudhary had filed an RTI application in the office of the chief judicial magistrate, Merta, which he claimed was rejected citing Rajasthan RTI High Court and Subordinate Court Rules 2006 that require Rs 100 judicial stamp for filing application in courts.
• The SC in its recent order concerning a case of Allahabad HC had directed that RTI application fee and photocopy of document provided to applicant should not be more than Rs 50 and Rs 5 per page.
Swastika Ghosh wins bronze in Hong Kong Open TT
• Young Indian paddler Swastika Ghosh claimed a bronze medal in the junior girls' doubles along with Singapore's Jingyi Zhou in the 2018 Hang Seng Hong Kong Junior and Cadet Open that concluded last week.
• The pair defeated their Taipei opponents Pei-Ling Su and Yu-Chin Tsai 3-1 in the round of 16 before overcoming the Chinese duo of Binyue Zhang and Yi Chen with a similar score in the quarter-finals.
• The combination of Li Lin Jassy Tan of Singapore and Ruei Ling Wen of Taipei, however, proved too strong for Swastika and her Singapore partner in the semi-finals and the latter lost 2-3 last Saturday to lose the chance to reach the gold medal round.
• In the junior boys' doubles category, the Indian combination of Raegan Alberquerque and Payas Jain got through to the pre-quarters, but couldn't continue their winning run as they lost to the Thai pair of Yanapong Panagitgun and Supakron Pankhaoyoy.