The foundation stone ceremony for setting up the first Second Generation (2G) Ethanol Bio-refinery in India was held on 25 December 2016 at village Tarkhanwala, Bathinda in Punjab.
Harsimarat Kaur Badal, Union Minister of Food Processing Industries, Dharmendra Pradhan, Minister of State (I/C) Petroleum & Natural Gas, and Sardar Sukhbir Singh Badal, Deputy Chief Minister of Punjab, jointly laid the foundation stone.
The approximate investment for setting up of the refinery is Rs 600 crores. The project will be set-up by the Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL).
The production of 2G Ethanol from agricultural residues is encouraged to provide additional sources of remuneration to farmers, address the growing environmental concerns and support the Ethanol Blended Petrol (EBP) programme for achieving 10 per cent Ethanol Blending in Petrol.
- The proposed Bathinda bio-refinery will be utilizing agriculture residues for production of 100 KL per day or 3.20 crore litres per-annum of ethanol. This per-annum production may be sufficient to meet the 26 per cent of the ethanol blending requirement of the Punjab.
- With the setting up of the bio-refinery, employment for about 1200 -1300 persons will be generated in the biomass supply chain. It will also generate an additional income of approximately Rs 20 crores per annum for the farmers through purchase of their agriculture residues.
- On the other hand, the proposed bio-refinery will help in reducing Carbon Dioxide emissions from the paddy straw, which is currently is being burnt after harvesting.
- One of the key outputs of this bio-refinery will be bio-fertilizer approximating 30000 tonnes per annum. This bio-fertilizer will be incorporated into the soil for improving soil fertility and overall productivity of farms in the state.
- It will also produce more than 1.00 lakh Kg of Bio-CNG per annum, which can help in transport and clean cooking requirements.