Gadkari inaugurated country’s 1st bio refinery plant

May 8, 2017 09:54 IST

 New Bio-Refinery Nitin Gadkari, the Union Minister for Road Transport and Highways inaugurated India’s first biorefinery plant that produces ethanol from a variety of biomass in Pune on 7 May 2017.

Speaking on the occasion, Gadkari stated that such projects will help stage a great revolution in India’s agriculture sector. The project is located at Rahu, a village in Daund Taluka in Pune District of Maharashtra.

The newly set up plant is capable of producing one million litres of ethanol per annum by processing a variety of agricultural residue including rice and wheat straw, cotton stalk, cane trash, corn cobs with superior product yields.

What is a Biorefinery?

It is a facility that integrates biomass conversion processes and equipment to produce fuels, power, heat, and value-added chemicals from biomass.

The concept is similar to today's petroleum refinery, which produces multiple fuels and products from petroleum.

Typical applications of Biorefinery are in the production of bio-fertilizers and bio-pesticides.

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Significance

• Biofuel (fuels derived from biomass) is cost‐effective and pollution‐free.

• The most common Biofuel crops include Corn, Rapeseed/Canola, Sugarcane, Palm Oil, Jatropha, Soyabean, Cottonseed, Sunflower seeds, Wheat, Sugarbeet, Cassava, Algae, Coconut, Jojoba and Castor Beans.

• Globally many countries including India have resorted to ethanol blending to reduce harmful emissions from vehicles.

• Ethanol blending is the practice of blending petrol with ethanol.

• The inauguration of the refinery paves the way for a 20 per cent increase in ethanol blending program and can reduce the import burden of crude petroleum.

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