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H1-B Visa Programme reform bill introduced in US Congress

Jan 8, 2017 13:11 IST

H1B VISA donald trump=The Protect and Grow American Jobs Act was introduced in the US Congress in January 2017. The bill roposes key changes in the H1-B Programme in order to stop misuse of the H1-B and L1 visas by the American companies.

The bill also seeks to encourage companies to hire more American workers in order to tackle growing unemployment in the country.

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Highlights of the Protect and Grow American Jobs Act

• The bill was introduced by Republican Darrell Issa and Scott Peters. They represent California in the House of Representatives of the US Congress.

• It prohibits companies from hiring H1-B employees if they employ more than 50 people.

• It also disallows companies from hiring H1-B employees if more than 50% of their employees are H1-B and L-1 visa holders.

• The proposed legislation prohibits replacement of American workers by H1-B or L-1 visa holders.

What are H1-B and L-1 visas?

• The H1-B and L-1 visas are non-immigrant visas offered by the US Government. These visas allow companies to employ skilled workers from other countries to meet shortages in the labour market.

• These two visas differ in terms of the length of period that an individual is allowed to stay in the country.

• On an L1 visa, the maximum length an individual is allowed to stay is 7 years.

• An H1B visa holder may remain in the county for a total of six years but there exists the opportunity to file for a 3-year extension.

• The Protect and Grow American Jobs Act comes after a number of companies like Disney and SoCal Edison have come under fire for abusing the H1B Visa programme to replace American workers with foreign workers.

• The Indian Information Technology industry is expected to hit hard with the proposed legislation as it is the major beneficiary of this visa programme.

• As per an estimate, around 80,630 H1-B visas were issued to Indian nationals by the American companies in 2012 alone.

Is this article important for exams ? Yes20 People Agreed
Read more Current Affairs on: Donald Trump , H1-B visa , L1 visa , Indian IT companies

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