India celebrates 75th anniversary of Quit India Movement
The 75th anniversary of Quit India Movement, also known as August Kranti Andolan, was celebrated across India on 9 August 2017.
The 75th anniversary of Quit India Movement, also known as August Kranti Andolan, will be celebrated across India on 9 August 2017.
The movement that aimed to help India attain complete independence, a historic milestone in the Indian freedom struggle, had begun on 9 August 1942 under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi. India gained independence five years after the movement.
A number of events are being planned at both organisational and local levels to mark the occasion. This year’s theme is "Sankalp se Siddhi- the attainment through resolve.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently called for the launch of the mega campaign, Sankalp Se Siddhi, from 9 August. He urged the youth, student organisations and NGOs in India to organise group discussions to bring forth new ideas.
Modi also termed the month of August as the month of revolution, as it has witnessed the three most significant events of Indian history – the non-cooperation movement (1 August 1920), Quit-India movement (9 August 1942) and finally the day India gained its Independence from the British Raj (15 August 1947).
To commemorate 75 years of the iconic Quit India Movement, both Houses of Parliament will host a special session, suspending their usual question hour and zero hour sessions.All political parties and their leaders are expected to express their views on the movement, with the discussion culminating into a resolution that will be passed in order to reaffirm their commitment to the nation.
Besides this, the National Archives of India would be organizing a special exhibition in New Delhi from 9 August to mark the significant day and also to pay tribute to the Azad Hind Fauz or the Indian National Army. The two big events of the Indian history will be displayed through thousands of declassified files and documents.
The main objective behind holding the exhibition is to make the younger generation aware of the history of the country. Titled "Quit India-75-Chalo Dilli", the exhibition will be opened for all to see after its inauguration until 1 September 2017.
It will not only give people a glimpse of original documents related to Quit India Movement but also of the files related to the Indian National Army or Azad Hind Fauz. There will be no entry cost or any other fee to view the exhibit.
About Quit India Movement
• The Quit India Movement or the India August Movement was a movement launched at the Bombay session of the All-India Congress Committee by Mahatma Gandhi, during World War II, demanding an end to British Rule in India.
• One of the main triggers of the movement was the failure of the Cripps mission. The mission led by Stafford Cripps (leader of the House of Commons) had been sent to India to negotiate a deal with the Indian National Congress to obtain total co-operation during the war, in return for progressive transfer and distribution of power from the crown and the Viceroy to an elected Indian legislature.
• The talks failed, as they did not address the key demand of a timetable of self-government and of definition of the powers to be relinquished.
• Following its failure, Mahatma Gandhi made a do or die call in his Quit India speech in Bombay at the Gowalia Tank Maidan.
• It was followed by a mass protest, launched by all-India Congress Committee, demanding what Gandhi called "An Orderly British Withdrawal" from India.
• The British retaliated by imprisoning almost the entire leadership of INC without trial.
• In spite of it, the movement was successful in uniting people, transcending all barriers, towards a common mission- to uproot imperialism.
• The Muslim league, however, opposed the movement, as it was of the view that if the British left India in its current state, Muslims as a minority would be oppressed by the Hindu majority.
• Muhammad Ali Jinnah's opposition to Gandhi's call led to large numbers of Muslims cooperating with the British and enlisting in the British army.
• Other parties that opposed the movement included the Hindu Mahasabha, the Communist Party of India and the Princely states, which supported the British war effort against Nazi Germany.
• With the British refusing to grant immediate independence to India, saying it could happen only after the war ended, the Quit India campaign was effectively crushed.