The researchers from the Centre for Energy-Efficient Telecommunications (CEET) and Bell Labs in the first week of January 2013 claimed that internet video and associated cloud services including Information Communication and Technology, discharge more than 830 million tonnes of Carbon Dioxide per year. This emission of the CO2 (one of the major green house gas) from the information and communication industry includes about 2 percent of the global CO2 emission annually and it’s expected to double nearly by 2020. Same is the amount shared by the aviation industry in form of emissions.
To control this emission, the researchers have suggested measures like development of accurate and feasible model taking into account the energy use, data traffic and CO2 production in the networks as well as use of other elements in the ICT industry. The researchers from the CEET and Bell Labs following their new models of emissions and energy consumption have suggested three key factors that would help in reduction of the CO2 emissions from the ICT industry and these are efficient usage of facilities, use of energy efficient equipment and use of renewable energy sources.
Centre for Energy-Efficient Telecommunications (CEET): Partnership between the Victorian State Government and Alcatel-Lucent, the University of Melbourne is responsible for the formation of CEET.
Bell Laboratories: It is a R&D subsidiary of Alcatel-Lucent in Berkeley Heights, United State and is owned by France. Initially, it was a division of American Telephone & Telegraph Company (AT&T Corporation) and was half-owned by its Western Electric manufacturing subsidiary.