Lok Sabha passes Constitution (123rd Amendment) Bill, 2017

Apr 11, 2017 09:17 IST

National Commission for Backward ClassesThe Lok Sabha on 10 April 2017 passed the Constitution (One Hundred and Twenty-Third Amendment) Bill, 2017. It was passed by the house with 360 MPs voting in favour and 2 against the bill.

The Bill seeks to give constitutional status to the National Commission for Backward Classes.

Objectives of the 123rd Amendment Bill, 2017

The Bill seeks to insert a new Article 338B in the Constitution. The Article provides for the National Commission for Backward Classes, its composition, mandate, functions and various officers.

The Bill also seeks to insert a new Article 342-A, which empowers the President to notify the list of socially and educationally backward classes of a state/union territory. In case of a state, President will make such notification after consultation with the Governor.

Under the new Article 342-A, the Parliament, by making a law, can include or exclude the classes from the central list of backward classes.

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About National Commission for Backward Classes

The National Commission for Backward Classes is an Indian statutory body under the Union Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.

It was established on 14 August 1993.

It was constituted pursuant to the provisions of the National Commission for Backward Classes Act, 1993.

The Supreme Court of India in its Judgement dated 16.11.1992 in Writ Petition (Civil) No. 930 of 1990, Indra Sawhney & Ors. Vs. Union of India and Ors., reported in (1992) Supp. 3 SCC 217, directed the Government of India, State Governments and Union Territory Administrations to constitute a permanent body in the nature of a Commission or Tribunal for entertaining, examining and recommending upon requests for inclusion and complaints of over-inclusion and under-inclusion in the list of OBCs.

At present, the Commission is responsible to look into the inclusion and exclusion of backward classes only.

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