Majuli: Biggest River Island in the world in the Brahmaputra River, Assam
Sarbananda Sonowal, Chief Minister of Assam, on 21 March 2017 launched initiatives to develop Majuli as India’s first carbon neutral district and as a biodiversity heritage site.
The launch coincided with the celebration of International Day of Forest at Brahmaputra State Guest House in Guwahati.
In addition, the Chief Minister also launched Forests are Lives campaign to underline the importance of Assam’s rich forest and biodiversity.
• The state CM also launched through remote a registry in Majuli which would record and analyse the climate impact of all proposed projects in the island.
• The CM stated that the Sustainable Actions for Climate Resilient Development (SaCReD) Initiative would ensure that infrastructure in Majuli had less carbon.
• Majuli is the biggest river island in the world.
• It is located in the Brahmaputra River, Assam.
• It is also the first island district of India.
• The island was formed due to course changes by the river Brahmaputra and its tributaries, mainly the Lohit.
• The island had a total area of 1250 square kilometres at the beginning of the 20th century. However, it has now shrunk to an area of only 352 square kilometres in 2014. Erosion is the biggest reason behind the shrinkage of the island. However, it is still recognised by Guinness Book of World Records as World's Largest River Island.
• The island is formed by the River Brahmaputra in the south and the Kherkutia Xuti, an anabranch of the Brahmaputra, joined by the River Subansiri in the north.
• The island is accessible by ferries from the city of Jorhat.
• The island is the abode of the Assamese neo-Vaisnavite culture.