Nepal adopted first democratically-framed constitution
The adoption is considered as historic as it puts an end to the 7-year long altercations among political parties about the nature of the Constitution.
Nepal on 20 September 2015 adopted its first democratically-framed constitution with the promulgation of the charter by the president Ram Baran Yadav.
It is called as a democratically-framed constitution as it was conceptualized, developed and adopted by a representative Constituent Assembly.
The adoption is considered as historic as it puts an end to the 7-year long altercations among political parties about the nature of the Constitution that began with the abolition of the 239-year old monarchy in 2008.
Further, it also believed that the new constitution will bring fresh air in the Nepalese society plagued by devastating earthquake of April 2015 that killed around 9000 people.
However, the acceptance of the constitution was not unanimous.
Few members of the Constituent Assembly mainly royalists’ politicians voted against the constitution, on the voting day of 16 September 2015, as it favoured the republican form of government over the monarchy.
Further, members of the lowlands belonging to Madhesi and Tharu communities abstained from voting as they were dissatisfied with the federal-provincial demarcation and constituency delimitation in the terai region.
Their dissatisfaction was with the fact that the Pahadi or hill community, who constitute 50 percent of the population, got 100 seats in the parliament while the other half, Madhesi of plain region got only 65 seats.
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