Palestinian Unity Government of Hamas and Fatah sworn-in by President Mahmoud Abbas

Jun 3, 2014 17:34 IST

The Palestinian National Unity Government of Hamas and Fatah was sworn-in on 2 June 2014 by the Palestinian Authority President, Mahmoud Abbas in West Bank City of Ramallah. With the formation of new government, the Hamas government in Gaza strip resigned.

The Unity Government will be headed by incumbent Palestinian Prime Minister Rami Hamadallah and is composed of 17 independent ministers. The Unity Government comprises of professionals and does not have members of neither Fatah and Hamas. Three of them are women and half of them have served in last Palestinian Authority government. \

The new Government after assuming the office will oversee the Parliamentary and Presidential elections in Palestine.

This swearing-in is historical as it signifies an end of seven years of bitter relations between the two main Palestinian factions, Hamas and Fatah, due to which Palestine remained divided.

Before this reconciliation Abbas and Hamas ruled two different factions of Palestine

  • Abbas ruled Israeli-occupied West Bank, which mainly depends on the foreign aid
  • Hamas that advocates for destruction of Israel ruled Gaza Strip after winning the elections in 2006 and ousting the Fatah from Gaza in 2007.

However, Israel that has designated Hamas as a terrorist organisation has opposed this reconciliation and formation of the unity government and has urged the world leaders not to rush and recognise the new government. The security cabinet of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu also termed that now Israel will hold Abbas and the new Palestinian government accountable for any rocket fire from the Gaza strip.

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