Russia and China on 22 May 2014 exercised their veto power against a draft resolution which was intended to refer the Syrian civil war to the International Criminal Court (ICC). The resolution was double vetoed by the Russia and China for the fourth time.
The draft resolution was proposed by the France which at the 15-nation UN body. It received 13 votes in favour and 2 against.
The UN resolution was to refer the situation in Syria to the International Criminal Court (ICC) for possible prosecution of war crimes and crimes against humanity committed during the three year civil war of Syria.
Syria is not a state party to the Rome Statute that established the ICC, so the only way to refer to the ICC is by the UN Security Council. Hence France circulated the resolution among the council members on 12 May 2014 to refer Syrian Civil war to ICC.
For adoption of a UN draft resolution, it requires nine votes in favour and the absence of a negative vote (veto) by any of the five permanent members of the Security Council.