The US government in the Month of May 2013 has issued sanctions against Ayatollah Ali Khamenei's deputy chief of staff and over 50 other Iranian government officials for alleged human rights abuses.
The US in order to help Iranians exercise freedom of expression accused Iran of blocking Internet and communications access to silence dissent ahead of its 14 June 2013 Presidential Election. The sanctions issued has made easier for Americans to export advanced communications equipment to Iranian civilians.
The sanctions were targeted at an Iranian intelligence unit which is found responsible for blocking information and Khamenei aide Asghar Mir-Hejazi.
On the Other hand, the Treasury Department, eased export restrictions on personal communications hardware and software to Iranian civilians.
About Ayatollah Ali Khamenei
Ayatollah Khamenei is the Supreme Leader of Iranand a Shia Marja. He had also served as the President of Iran from 1981 to 1989. In 2012, Forbes selected him 21st in the list of 'World's Most Powerful People'
He has been described as one of only three people having important influence during the history of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Khamenei was the victim of an attempted assassination in June 1981 that paralyzed his right arm although so far the biggest challenge to his leadership has been the 2009 Iranian election protests following the 2009 presidential elections during which he strongly supported President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.