US government in the second week of April 2013 approved the proposal to provide military assistance to Somalia for rebuilding itself following years of conflict. In March 2013, the UN Security Council agreed to partially lift its ban on selling arms to Somalia for a year. The ban was imposed in 1992 which is in fact the world’s oldest.The decision helps Somalia's new government to purchase light arms to help it in its fight against the al-Qaeda-aligned al-Shabab Islamist militant group.
USA never formally cut diplomatic ties with Somalia, but the Black Hawk Down incident in 1993, during which 18 American servicemen were killed after militia fighters in Somalia shot two US military helicopters out of the sky led to anarchy in the country.
President Mohamud came to power in 2012 after the first election of its kind following the fall of President Mohamed Siad Barre in 1991.