Chief Minister is the real executive, de facto head of the Government, one among the subordinate officers to Governor. His position is analogous to the position of PM at union level. According to the Constitution of India, the Governor is a state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the Chief Minister. Following elections to the state legislative assembly, the Governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government.
Our constitution does not specifically mentions about the qualification to be appointed as CM.
Powers and functions
The powers and functions of CM can be classified under following heads:
• With respect to council of ministers –
The following are the powers of CM with respect to state council of ministers –
1) He advices the Governor to appoint any person as a minister. It is only according to the advice of CM the Governor appoints ministers.
2) Allocation and reshuffling of portfolios among ministers as and when required.
3) In case of difference of opinion he can ask minister to resign, if he doesn’t then his can advice Governor to dismiss him.
4) Directs, guides and controls activities of all the ministers.
6) Since his council of ministers are appointed in accordance with his advice, on his resigning or death causes the collapse of entire council of ministers.
With Respect to Governor -
Under Article 167 of our constitution, the states the Chief Minister acts as a link between Governor and state council of ministers. The functions with respect to the Governor are as follows:
1) CM has to communicate to the Governor all the decisions of the council of ministers relating to the administration of the states.
2) Whenever the Governor calls for any information relating to the decisions taken or regarding the administration, the CM has to provide him with the same
3) The Governor can ask for consideration of council of ministers when a decision has been taken without the consideration of the cabinet.
4) CM advises Governor regarding the appointment of important officials like attorney general, state public service commission (chairman and members), state election commission etc.
In a cabinet form of government CM is ultimately responsible to the electorate. Though he is head of the state he has to follow the “right to be consulted “clause with Governor (as per recommendation of Sarkaria commission) to help Governor to encourage and warn.
• With Respect to State Legislature –
1) All the policies are announced by him on the floor of the house.
2) He recommends dissolution of legislative assembly to the Governor.
3) He advises the Governor regarding summoning, proroguing the sessions of state Chief Minister legislative assembly from time to time.
• Other Functions
1) At the ground level he is the authority to be in contact with the people regularly and know about their problems so as to bring about policies on the floor of the assembly.
2) He acts as the chairman of state planning commission.
3) He is the vice chairman of concerned zonal council in rotation for a period of one year.
4) At emergencies he acts as the crisis manager in chief at political level.