Encephalitis (Chamki Fever): Key points to know

As we know that several children in Bihar died due to Encephalitis or Acute Encephalitis Syndrome or Chamki fever. This disease basically attacks the part of the brain. Let us find more about encephalitis and important facts related to Chamki fever.
Created On: Jun 25, 2019 19:13 IST
Modified On: Jun 25, 2019 19:21 IST
Encephalitis or chamki fever important points to remember
Encephalitis or chamki fever important points to remember

In Bihar children experienced similar symptoms sudden drop in blood sugar levels which led to an untimely death or coma. What type of an encephalitis disease is, how it occurred, is encephalitis and acute encephalitis syndrome is same disease, symptoms of encephalitis and prevention of encephalitis.

Key points related to Encephalitis

  1. Encephalitis is recognised as an inflammation caused in the brain due to which swelling or itching appears in brain.
  2.  Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) or Encephalitis are same disease and is a neurological disorder which affects brain and limbic system. In this disease immune system and brain gets affected. As, it inflames the vessels in the brain so, it is also known as brain fever or chamki fever.
  3. Encephalitis is caused when virus enters inside the blood; it starts migrating to the brain tissues and multiplies itself into numbers. Immune systems get affected and generate a response in the form of inflamed brain or brain gets swelled up. When self-generated response and the infection combines, it leads to viral encephalitis and majorly it affects the spinal cord and central nervous system, damages the cells of the brain through virus infected blood vessels. This may happen to the children in Bihar who have consumed an unripe fruit.
  4. Encephalitis is very dangerous disease and timely treatment is a key to recovery. If it is not treated in time, it can turn into a deadly disease. Let us tell you that Japanese Encephalitis (JE) is one of the most common types of disease prevalent in the country.
  5. Symptoms of encephalitis or AES or chamki fever depend on which part of the brain is being attacked or infected. It may cause gastrointestinal illness like diarrhoea, nausea or vomiting. Other symptoms may include: headache, severe fever, sensitivity to light, Neck stiffness, sleepiness, seizures, confusion, loss of energy, loss of appetite, personality changes etc.
  6. Severe symptoms may include: weakness or partial paralysis in the arms and legs, double vision, impairment of speech or hearing and coma.
  7. On the basis of symptoms and certain tests healthcare provider or your doctor can diagnose the encephalitis disease or chamki fever. Tests that are needed: MRI, CT Scan, blood tests, urine and stool test, sputum culture, electroencephalogram (EEG), spinal tap (lumbar puncture), brain biopsy and intracranial pressure monitoring (ICP).
  8. Encephalitis can be prevented by staying up-to-date on vaccines that are vaccines are an important part of preventing encephalitis. Vaccines for viruses such as measles, mumps, rubella and chickenpox. Having good hygiene and staying away from ticks and mosquitoes.
  9. Different types of encephalitis have different causes like Japanese encephalitis is spread by mosquitoes, Tick-borne encephalitis spread by ticks and Rabies through a bite from a mammal.
  10.  Encephalitis or chamki fever disease is also divided into two primary or secondary encephalitis. Primary or infectious encephalitis can result if a fungus, virus or bacterium infects the brain. Secondary or post-infectious, encephalitis is caused when the immune system responds to a previous infection and mistakenly attacks the brain.So, now you may have come to know about the encephalitis or chamki fever, how it is caused, how it is diagnosed, symptoms of chamki fever and prevention.

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