Fatehpur Sikri (The City of Victory): Facts at a Glance

Fatehpur Sikri built during the second half of the 16th century by the Emperor Akbar. Fatehpur Sikri (the City of Victory) was the capital of the Mughal Empire for only some 10 years. The complex of monuments and temples, all in a uniform architectural style, includes one of the largest mosques in India, the Jama Masjid. Akbar shifted his residence and court from Agra to Sikri to honour the Sufi Saint Sheikh Salim Chishti, who resided here (in a cavern on the ridge).

Fatehpur Sikri established during the 2nd half of the 16th century by the Mughal Emperor Akbar. Sikri (the City of Victory) was the capital of the Mughal Empire for near about 10 years. The series of monuments and temples are in a uniform architectural style, it includes one of the bigget mosques in India, the Jama Masjid. Akbar, transfered his residence and court from Agra to Sikri to honour the famous Sufi Saint Sheikh Salim Chishti, who resided here.

Pictures of Fatehpur Sikri’s Buildings:

Anup Talao (Pond):  The platform in the middle was used for singing competitions


(Anup talao (pond)

Panch Mahal: A five-storied palatial structure, with stairs gradually diminishing in size, till the final one, which is a single large-domed chhatri. Originally pierced stone screens faced the probably sub-divided the interior as well, suggesting it was built for the ladies of the court. The floors are supported by intricately carved columns on each level, totalling to 176 columns in all.


(Panch Mahal, Fatehpur Sikri)

Diwan-i-Khas At Fatehpur Sikri: It is the place where Akbar had representatives of different religions discuss their faiths and gave private audience.


(The central pillar of Diwan-i-khas)

Buland Darwaja: It was built by Akbar in the memory of the victory in Gujarat in 1601. An inscription on the central face of the Buland Darwaza describes Akbar's religious openness. It took nearly 12 years to make the highest gateway.


(Buland Darwaja, Fatehpur Sikri)

Jama Masjid, Fatehpur Sikri:  Jama Mosque meaning the congregational mosque and was perhaps one of the first buildings to be constructed in the complex, as its epigraph gives AH 979(A.D. 1571-72) as the date of its completion, with a massive entrance to the courtyard, the Buland-Darwaza added some five years later.


(Jama Masjid, Fatehpur Sikri)

Tomb of Salim Chishti: This tomb is made from white marble dedicated to Salim Chisti (1478–1572), within the Jama Masjid's sahn, courtyard. The single-storey formation is built around a central square chamber, within which is the grave of the saint, under an ornate wooden canopy encrusted with mother-of-pearl mosaic.


(Tomb of Salim Chishti(left) tomb in Jama Masjid courtyard, Fatehpur Sikri)

Facts about Fatehpur Sikhri:

  1. Fatehpur Sikri is a city in the Agra District of Uttar Pradesh. Previously name of city was Vijaypur Sikari (Sikarwar Rajput clan) later the city was established in 1569 by the Emperor Akbar.
  2. Akbar gave it the name of Fathabad and which in later days known as “Fathpur Sikri”
  3. Agra served as the capital of the Mughal Empire from 1571 to 1585. After his military victories over Chittor and Ranthambore, Akbar decided to transfered his capital from Agra to a new location the Sikri ridge, to honour the Sufi saint Salim Chishti.
  4. Babur visited this place on the eve of the Khanwah battle in A.D. 1527 and named it ‘Sikri’ in his Memoirs. He founded here a garden and a Jal-Mahal surrounded by the lake-water and a baoli (step-well) to commemorate his victory in the battle of Khanwah.
  5. Sikri was the first planned city of the Mughals.
  6. The city (Sikri) has some various buildings such as Jami masjid, Ibadat Khana(House of worship) Buland-Darwazah(in the memory of Gujarat victory) and tomb of Sheikh Salim Chishti; Khass Mahal, Shahi-Bazar, Mina-Bazar, the Panch-Mahal, Khwabgah, Diwan-i-Khass, Anup-Talao, Chaupar and Diwan-i-Am and Birbal's House.
  7. Just because of easy availability of sandstone in the neighbouring areas of Fatehpur Sikri, red stone is used in all the buildings made here.
  8. Fatehpur Sikri set up on rocky ridge, 3 kilometres in length and 1 km wide and palace city is surrounded by a 6 km) wall on three sides with the fourth bordered by a lake.
  9. Its architects were Tuhir Das and Dhruv Chawla. It was constructed using Indian principles.
  10. Entry Fee:  Applicable to Indian Visitor and citizen of SAARC and BIMSTEC countries is Rs.20.00
  11. Opening Hours - Sunrise to Sunset (Friday closed)

Image courtesyhttp://asi.nic.in/asi_monu_whs_fatehpursikri.asp

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