Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Act 2019: Key Features and Penalties

Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Act 2019 is being implemented in the country since September 1, 2019. This new act has increased fine for many offence to check the road accidents and improve the road safety in the country. Now driving without driving lisence will be fined Rs 5000 instead of Rs 500 earlier.
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According to the 2018 report of the World Health Organization, the highest number of road accidents occur in India worldwide. Even China, the most populous country, is behind us in this regard.

As per the report of the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, 2017; there are about 5 lakh road accidents occurred in India every year in which around 1.5 lakh people are killed.

There are around 1.49 lakh people died in 2018 in the road accidents with Uttar Pradesh registering the maximum spike in fatalities.

So in order to prevent the menace of road accidents; the central government has amended the Motor Vehicle 1988 by the Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill 2019. This new act is being passed by the Lok Sabha on Jul 23, 2019 and by Rajya Sabha on Jul 31, 2019.

After the passing of this bill Road and transport Minister Nitin Gadkari says that the Bill will provide an Efficient, Safe and Corruption Free Transport System in the Country.

Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Act  2019 has been implemented throughout the country since September 1, 2019. Now the penalty has been increased 10 times on various violations.

Let’s have a look on the new features of the Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Act, 2019.

1. Compensation for road accident victims:

The Bill increases the minimum compensation for hit and run cases as follows: (i) in case of death, from Rs 25,000 to two lakh rupees, and (ii) in case of grievous injury, from Rs 12,500 to Rs 50,000.

2. Recall of vehicles: The New Bill allows the central government to order for recall of defected motor vehicles which may harm the environment, or the driver, or other road users.

3. Road Safety Board:The National Road Safety Board, will be created by the central government to advise the central and state governments on all aspects of road safety and traffic management.

4. Offence and Fines:The new Bill has increases fines for several offence under the Act.

i. Fine for Drink and Driving: Now the fine is increased from Rs 2,000 to Rs 10,000 along with imprisonment of 6 months. On the repetition of this act fine would be Rs. 15,000.

ii. Rash driving will cost fine of Rs. 5000 earlier it was Rs.1000.

iii. Driving without driving lisence will be fined Rs 5000 instead of 500 earlier.

iv. Offence by Juveniles is a new category introduced. Now Guardian of the Juvenile / owner of the vehicle shall be fined Rs. 25,000 with 3 yrs imprisonment. For Juvenile to be tried under Juveniles Justice Act. Registration of Motor Vehicle shall be cancelled.

v. If a vehicle manufacturer fails to comply with motor vehicle standards, the penalty will be a fine of up to Rs 100 crore, or imprisonment of up to one year, or both.  

vi. If a contractor fails to comply with road design standards, the penalty will be up to Rs.1 lac.

vii.  Under section 196 of the Motor Vehicle Act, 2019 driving without Insurance will be fined Rs 2000.

viii. Under the section 194 D of the act; riding without Helmets will be fined to Rs 1000 and disqualification for 3 months for licence.

ix. Under section 194B of the Act; driving without seat belt will cost Rs. 1000.

x. Speeding / Racing will be fined Rs 5,000 instead of Rs 500 earlier.

xi. Under section 194 E of the Act; not providing way for emergency vehicles will cost Rs 10,000.

New proposed fines under Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Act – 2019 will be;



Old Provision / Penalty

New Minimum Penalties


General violations

Rs 100

Rs 500

New 177A

Rules of road regulation violation

Rs 100

Rs 500


Non Compliance of orders

Rs 500

Rs 2000


Unautorized use of vehicles without licence

Rs 1000

Rs 5000


Driving without licence

Rs 500

Rs 5000


Driving despite disqualification

Rs 500

Rs 10,000

182 B

Oversize vehicles


Rs 5000


Over speeding

Rs 400

Rs 1000 for LMV

Rs 2000 for Medium passenger vehicle


Dangerous driving

Rs 1000

Upto Rs 5000 


Drunken driving

Rs 2000

Rs 10,000


Speeding / Racing

Rs 500

Rs 5,000

192 A

Vehicle without permit

upto Rs 5000

Upto Rs 10,000



Rs 2000 and

Rs 1000 per extra tonne

Rs 20,000 and

Rs 2000 per extra tonne

194 A

Overloading of passengers


Rs 1000 per extra passenger

194 B

without Seat belt

Rs 100

Rs 1000

194 C

Overloading of 2 wheelers

Rs 100

Rs 2000, disqualification for 3 months for licence

194 D

Without Helmets

Rs 100

Rs 1000 disqualification for 3 months for licence

194 E

Not giving way to emergency vehicles


Rs 10,000


Driving Without Insurance

RS 1000

Rs 2000


Offences by Juveniles


Guardian / owner shall be deemed to be guilty. Rs 25,000 with 3 yrs imprisonment. For Juvenile to be tried under Juvenile Justice Act. Registration of Motor Vehicle to be cancelled


Power of officers to impound documents


Suspension of driving licenses u/s 183, 184, 185, 189, 190, 194C, 194D, 194E

210 B

Offences committed by enforcing authorities


Twice the penalty under the relevant section

So the the proposed changes in the old Motor vehicle Act, 2019 is the way forward to improve the Indian transportation system and punish the wilful offenders. I hope that new motor vehicle act will reduce the number of road accidents and offences.

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