GK Question and answer on Indian Economy: Land reforms in India

In India, land reform is redistribution of agricultural land from rich to the poor and is also related to agrarian reforms. In this article, we are providing 10 questions and answers with explanation which will help in several competitive examination preparation.
Oct 14, 2019 18:26 IST
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Land reforms in India
Land reforms in India

 So, solve this quiz and boost your chances of selection in the competitive exams.

1. Who started the Zamindari system?

(a) John Shore

(b) L. Cornwallis

(c) Lord Minto

(d) William Bentinck

Answer b

Explanation: L. Cornwallis introduced this system in 1793.

2. Which of the following statements is not true about Zamindari system?

(a) It was implemented in Bengal.

(b) In it the landowner was made the land owner.

(c) In this, the Zamindar gave 80% of the total tax to the British and kept 20%.

(d) Before independence, this practice was applicable to the area of ​​19% of India.

Answer c

Explanation: In this, Zamindar gave 90% of the total tax to the British and kept 10% of them.

3. Who started the Mahalwari system?

(a) William Bentinck

(b)L. Cornwallis

(c) Sir John Shore

(d) None of these

Answer a

Explanation: William Bentinck

4. In which two places Mahalwari system was started?

(a) Punjab and Haryana

(b) Bengal and Bihar

(c) Agra and Awadh

(d) Maharashtra and Jammu Kashmir

Answer c

Explanation: Agra and Awadh

5. Which of the following is not matched correctly?

(a) Ryotwari system: Karnataka

(b) Zamindari system: Bengal, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh

(c) Mahalwari system: Awadh

(d) Operation Barga: West Bengal

Answer a

Explanation: The practice of Rayotwari practice was in Maharashtra, Assam and East Bengal.

6. Land reform is covered under......

(a) Central list

(b) State list

(c) Concurrent list

(d) None of the above

Answer b

Explanation: State List

7. Which state initiated the eradication of Zamindari system?

(a) Bihar

(b) Bengal

(c) Maharashtra

(d) Uttar Pradesh

Answer d

Explanation: Uttar Pradesh

8. When the Land Reform Act was passed?

(a) 1950

(b) 1953

(c) 1952

(d) 1957

Answer a

Explanation: 1950

9. Operation "Barga" is related to.....

(a) Protection of the Sharecroppers

(b) Protection of landlords

(c) Both a and b

(d) None of the above

Answer a

Explanation: Protection of the Sharecroppers

10. Which of the following does not come under land reform?

(a) Consolidation

(b) Cooperative farming

(c) Drip irrigation

(d) All of the above

Answer c

Explanation: Drip irrigation

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