GK Questions and Answers on the Cultivation of Food Grain Crops in India
Agriculture is the backbone of the Indian economy. Today, India ranks second worldwide in farm output. The cultivation of major crops in India can be divided into four main categories: Food Crops (Wheat, Maize, Rice, Millets, and Pulses, etc.); Cash Crops (Sugarcane, Tobacco, Cotton, Jute, and Oilseeds, etc.); Plantation Crops (Coffee, Coconut, Tea, and Rubber, etc.); and Horticulture crops (Fruits and Vegetables).
1. The Rabi crops are sown in which months?
Explanation: The Rabi crops are sown around mid-November, after the monsoon rains are over, and harvesting begins in April/May. Hence, C is the correct option.
2. Which of the following is ‘Rabi Crops’?
Explanation: The major Rabi crops in India are Wheat, Barley, Mustard, Sesame, Oats, Grams, Linseed, and Peas. Hence, D is the correct option.
3. Which of the following is Kharif Crop?
D. All of the above
Explanation: The Kharif crops include rice, maize, sorghum, pearl millet/bajra, finger millet/ragi (cereals), arhar (pulses), soybean, groundnut (oilseeds), and cotton. Hence D is the correct option.
4. Which one of the following sequences is correct in the context of the three largest wheat producing states in India?
A. Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, and Bihar
B. Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, and Punjab
C. Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, and Bihar
D. Punjab, Bihar, and Madhya Pradesh
Explanation: As per the Annual Report of the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmer Welfare - Madhya Pradesh, Punjab and Bihar are the top three largest producers of Wheat in India. Hence, C is the correct option.
5. The Kharif crops are sown in which months?
Explanation: The Indian cropping season is classified into two main seasons-(i) Kharif and (ii) Rabi based on the monsoon. The Kharif cropping season is from July –October during the south-west monsoon. Hence, B is the correct option.
6. Which of the following is not a Rabi Crop?
D. Lady’s finger
Explanation: The Rabi crops include wheat, barley, oats (cereals), chickpea/gram (pulses), linseed, mustard (oilseeds), peas, carrots, raddish etc. Lady’s finger is Kharif crop. Hence, D is the correct option.
7. Consider the following
I. Wheat is sown in mid-October-mid-November and harvested in March.
II. Wheat grows well in a cool, moist climate and ripens in a warm, dry climate.
Which of the above statement (s) is/are correct about climatic conditions for Growing Wheat?
A. Only I
B. Only II
C. Both I and II
D. Neither I nor II
Explanation: Wheat is a Rabi crop. It is sown in mid-October-mid-November and harvested in March. It grows well in cool, moist climate and ripens in a warm, dry climate. The cool winters and the hot summers are conducive to a good crop. A cloudless sky having bright sunshine during ripening and harvesting periods will make better quality wheat. Winter rainfall is ideal. Hence, C is the correct option.
8. Match the following
a. Largest litchi producing state in India
b. Cocoa producing state in India
c. Largest wheat-producing states in India
d. Largest rice producing state in India
1. West Bengal
2. Madhya Pradesh
a b c d
A. 1 2 3 4
B. 4 3 2 1
C. 3 1 4 2
D. 1 4 3 2
Explanation: As per Annual Report of Ministry of Agriculture and Farmer Welfare. Bihar is the largest litchi producing state in India. Kerala is the largest Cocoa producing state in India. Madhya Pradesh is the largest wheat producing state in India. West Bengal is the largest rice producing state in India. Hence, B is the correct match.
9. Which of the following state is a not top Soyabean growing state in India?
A. Madhya Pradesh
Explanation: With 12 million tonnes of production; Soyabean is one of the fastest-growing crops in India. Soyabean is grown as a Kharif Crop in India. The top three Soyabean growing states are Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Rajasthan. Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra have a 45 and 40% share in production respectively. Hence, D is the correct option.
10. What is the rank of India in the production of linseed in the world?
Explanation: Major Producing Countries: Canada is the largest producer of linseed followed by China 2nd, Russia 3rd, India 4th and USA comes 5th in term of linseed Production. Canada as the world's largest linseed producer represents around 40% of the world production. Hence, D is the correct option.