GK Questions and Answers on the Geography of Antarctica

Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent. It is the coldest, driest, and windiest continent, and has the highest average elevation of all the continents. In this article, we are giving 10 GK Questions and Answers on the Geography of Antarctica with an explanation for self-assessment which will be helpful for the competitive exams like UPSC/PCS/SSC/CDS etc.
Created On: Apr 11, 2018 14:32 IST
GK Questions and Answers on the Geography of Antarctica
GK Questions and Answers on the Geography of Antarctica

Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent. It is the coldest, driest, and windiest continent, and has the highest average elevation of all the continents. It is governed by the parties to the Antarctic Treaty System.

1. Who among the following discovered the mainland of Antarctica in 1820?

A. Fabian von Bellingshausen

B. Ramchran Jee

C. James Cook

D.  Mikhail Lazarev

Ans: A

Explanation: Fabian von Bellingshausen was the first person in the world who discovered the mainland of Antarctica, who came here in 1820 on the ship name “Vostok”. Hence, A is the correct option.

2. Which is the highest peak in Antarctica?

A. Queen Maud Range

B. Mt. Vinson Massif

C. Mt. Erebus

D. Vida

Ans: B

Explanation: Mt. Vinson Massif is the highest peak in Antarctica. Hence, B is the correct option.

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3. Which of the following mountain range divides the Antarctica into two parts?

A. Trans-Antarctica Mountains

B. Great Dividing Range

C. Queen Maud Range

D. Cordillera de Los Andes

Ans: C

Explanation: Queen Maud Range divides the continent into parts. It contains extensive coal reserves. Hence, C is the correct option.

4. Which is the only active volcano of Antarctica?

A. Sakurajima

B. Mauna Loa

C. Kilauea

D. Mt. Erebus

Ans: D

Explanation: Mt. Erebus is the only active volcano of Antarctica. Hence, D is the correct option.

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5. When is the Sun not visible in Antarctica?

A. From 22 March to 23 September

B. From 22 April to 23 August

C. From 22 May to 23 October

D. From 22 January to 23 December

Ans: A

Explanation: The Sun is not visible from 22 March to 23 September in Antarctica. Hence, A is the correct option.

6. Which of the following is the main vegetation of Antarctica?

A. Lichen

B. Moss

C. Cactus

D. Both A & B

Ans: D

Explanation: There are lichens, (200 species) bryophytes (over 50 species of mosses and liverworts), fungi and over 700 species of algae found in the Antarctica. Hence, D is the correct option.

7. Which is the well-known flightless bird found in the Antarctica?

A. Penguin

B. Ostrich

C. Emu

D. Cassowary

Ans: A

Explanation: Penguin well-known flightless bird found in the Antarctica. Hence, A is the correct option.

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8. Which of the following species of fish found in Antarctica?

A. Cobia

B. Krill

C. Goldfish

D. Guppy

Ans: B

Explanation: The Krill is one of the species of fish found in Antarctica. They live in groups, called shoals. Hence, B is the correct option.

9. Which of the following lake of Antarctica's whose salinity is equal to that of Dead Sea?

A. Lake Superior

B. Lake Huron

C. Vida

D. Vinson Massif

Ans: C

Explanation: Vida is a 19m thick ice layer saline lake in Antarctica. Its salinity is equal to that of Dead Sea. Hence, C is the correct option.

10. Match the following

     Set I

a. Dakshin Gangotri

b. Maitri

c. Bharti

d. Aboa

  Set II

1. Queen Maud Land

2. Larsemann Hills

3. Schirmacher Oasis

4. Dakshin Gangotri Glacier

Code:

    a   b    c    d

A.  1   2    3    4

B.  3   2    1    4

C.  4   3    2    1

D.  4   2    1    3

Ans: C

Explanation: The correct match is given below:

Dakshin Gangotri-Dakshin Gangotri Glacier

Maitri- Schirmacher Oasis

Bharti- Larsemann Hills

Aboa- Queen Maud Land

Hence, C is the correct option.

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