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Gurjar Pratiharas (6th to 11th Century AD)

30-JUL-2014 13:43

    The dynasty of Gurjar Pratiharas was founded by Harichandra in 6th century AD. They remained influential till 11th century AD. It is aid that they originated from Ujjain or Mandsaur.  Nagabhatta-I was the first important ruler of this dynasty. He ruled from 730 AD to 756 AD. His kingdom was including Gwalior, Bharuch and Malwa. Awani was the capital of his kingdom.

    Nagbhatta I’s achievement: He defeated Junaid, the Arab commander Junaid and his successor Tamin in the battle of Rajasthan. This he successfully defended the western frontiers against Arab invasion.

    Vastaraja succeeded Nagbhatta I as the new king and captured Kannuaj following his victory over Dharmapala, the king of Pala.

    Nagabhatta II succeeded Vatsaraja around 805 AD. In fact, he was the most illustrious king of Gurjara Pratihara dynasty. He is best known for rebuilding the Somnath Temple in 815 AD. The temple was destroyed by Arab Armies of Junayad in 725 AD.

    Mihirbhoja was the other important king of the dynasty. His reign lasted till 885 AD. He was a great empire builder. He annexed the territories of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan after fighting a series of victorious battles. He assumed the title of Adivaraha and built the Teli Mandir at the Gwalior.

    However, the power of Gurjara Pratihara declined in 10th century and their King Bhoja II was over thrown by Mahipala-I, a Pala King. Soon the empire disintegrated and the feudatories declared themselves independent.

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