International Civil Aviation Day
International Civil Aviation Day is observed on 7th December every year. This day celebration started on 7th December 1994, at the 50th anniversary of the signing the Convention on International Civil Aviation by the International Civil Aviation Organization.
In 1996, the United Nations General Assembly declared this day to be observed as International Civil Aviation Day, through Assembly Resolution A29-1. This day is celebrated to raise awareness of the importance of international civil aviation and the role played by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) in global air transport. ICAO is a United Nations (UN) body which supports the development of international standards for aviation safety.
International Civil Aviation Day is marked as global observance and not a public holiday.
How is International Civil Aviation Day celebrated?
During this day, ICAO organises various activities and events such seminars, educational sessions, news announcements on international civil aviation topics and many others. ICAO gets support from governments, organizations, companies and even individuals.
ICAO was established on 7th December 1944, in interest of securing international cooperation and consistency in civil aviation matters. During the same year, the International Services Transit Agreement and the International Air Transport Agreement were also signed. In 1994, ICAO initiated International Civil Aviation Day by to recognize its 50th anniversary.
This observance was made to generate and leverage global awareness of the value of international civil aviation in the social and economic development of the countries.
ICAO is a United Nations (UN) body that operates in association with other United Nations members including the World Meteorological Organization, the International Telecommunication Union, the Universal Postal Union, the World Health Organization and the International Maritime Organization.
Symbols of ICAO
The ICAO logo is usually associated with marketing and promotional material for this celebration. The logo has a pair of aircraft wings superimposed on the UN logo. The UN logo consists of a world map (excluding Antarctica) conferred on the North Pole, inscribed in a wreath encompassing crossed conventionalized branches of the olive tree. The branches of olive tree symbolize peace and the world map features the area of concern to the UN in gaining its main purpose, peace and safety. The map is projected to 60 degrees south latitude, and consists of five concentric circles.
Throughout the years the ICAO logo has been published in various ways. In 1995 ICAO introduced the Arabic and Chinese languages as the organization’s working languages which was also reflected on the logo.
Convention on International Civil Aviation
This is also known as the Chicago Convention, and it established the ICAO. The Convention endorses rules of airspace, aircraft registration and safety. The Convention also absolve commercial air fuels from tax. Some 52 signatory states signed the document on 7th December, 1944 in Chicago, U.S. On 5th March, 1947, it received the requisite 26th ratification, and became effective on 4th April, 1947.
Currently, the Chicago Convention has 191 state parties including all member states of the UN except Dominica, Liechtenstein and Tuvalu.