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Keoladeo National Park: The Home of Rare Siberian Cranes

19-FEB-2016 17:28

    Formerly known as the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, the Keoladeo National Park lies between two of India's most historic cities, Agra and Jaipur. This north Indian park is situated in the country's northwestern part of Rajasthan.  It was declared a national park in 1982 and then later tagged as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985. The park is home to over 370 species of birds and animals such as the basking python, painted storks, deer, Nilgai and more. It is mainly known for migrated Siberian cranes.

    Pictures of Keoladeo National Park-

    Siberian Crane: The Siberian crane (Grus leucogeranus) or Siberian white crane or snow crane, is a critically endangered species of crane.

    They occur in three groups: the eastern group, which migrates from eastern Siberia to China, the central group, which migrates from western Siberia to India, and the western group, which migrate from western Russia to Iran. The height of an Adult Siberian crane is around 5 feet and weighted 6 kgs.

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    Biodiversity at the Keoladeo National Park: The park is home to 366 bird species, 379 floral species, 50 species of fish, 13 species of snakes, 5 species of lizards, 7 amphibian species,7 turtle species, and a variety of other species. Thousands of migratory waterfowl visit the park for wintering, breeding etc every year.

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    Facts about Keoladeo National Park:

    1. This north Indian sanctuary is situated in the country's northwestern part of Rajasthan.
    2. It was declared a national park in 1982 and then later tagged as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985.
    3. The park is home to over 370 species of birds and animals such as the basking python, painted storks, deer, nilgai and more.
    4. The Park is located in over near about 30 km2 area.
    5.  The location of Keoladeo (Bharatpur) National Park is (27°10'N, 77°31'E) in eastern Rajasthan.
    6. It emerged as a royal hunting reserve during the 1850s and was a game reserve for Maharajas and the British. In fact, Lord Linlithgow (Viceroy of India from 1936 to 1943), shot over thousands of ducks with his hunting party in a day.
    7. Noted Indian ornithologist and naturalist Salim Ali used his influence to get government support to create Keoladeo National Park.
    8. The park is very much famous for the presence of migrated Siberian cranes.
    9. Locally this reserve is known as Ghana, and is a mosaic of dry grasslands, woodlands, woodland swamps, and wetlands.
    10. These diverse habitats are home to 366 bird species, 379 floral species, 50 species of fish, 13 species of snakes, 5 species of lizards, 7 amphibian species,7 turtle species, and a variety of other invertebrates.
    11. This park organised duck shoots festival yearly in honor of the British viceroys.
    12. It is a reserve forest under the Rajasthan Forest Act, 1953 and therefore, is the property of the State of Rajasthan of the Indian Union.
    13. Migratory birds at Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary include several species of Cranes, Pelicans, Geese, Ducks, Eagles, Hawks, Shanks, Stints, Wagtails, Warblers, Wheatears, Flycatchers, Buntings, Larks and Pipits, etc.
    14. The forest in Bahratpur is semi-arid biotype with significant vegetation and that is why the sanctuary is termed as 'Ghana'-thicket. Basically it is a dry deciduous forest type.
    15. The park is open on all the days. Entry fee for Indian is Rs. 25 and for foreigners is Rs. 200.

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